What are calculus?

  • (noun): An incrustation that forms on the teeth and gums.
    Synonyms: tartar, tophus
    See also — Additional definitions below

Calculus

Calculus (Latin, calculus, a small stone used for counting) is a branch of mathematics focused on limits, functions, derivatives, integrals, and infinite series. It has two major branches, differential calculus and integral calculus, which are related by the fundamental theorem of calculus. Calculus is the study of change, in the same way that geometry is the study of shape and algebra is the study of operations and their application to solving equations. Calculus has widespread applications in science, economics, and engineering and can solve many problems for which algebra alone is insufficient.

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Some articles on calculus:

List Of People Considered Father Or Mother Of A Scientific Field - Formal Sciences - Mathematics
... For their independent invention of the Cartesian Coordinate System Calculus Isaac Newton Gottfried Leibniz See Leibniz and Newton calculus controversy ... include the case when these are infinitely far away Tensor calculus Gregorio Ricci-Curbastro (founder) Book The Absolute Differential Calculus Trigonometry Aryabhata ... Vector algebra, vector calculus Willard Gibbs Oliver Heaviside (founders) For their development and use of vectors in algebra and calculus ...
Calculus The Musical
... "Calculus The Musical! is a comic “review” of the concepts and history of Calculus." The musical was originally created by Matheatre, composed of Marc Gutman and Sadie Bowman ... The musical used the story of the development of Calculus to tie together songs that Marc had created as mnemonics when he was a teacher ...
Criticism Of Non-standard Analysis - Bishop's Criticism - Bishop's Review
... Bishop reviewed the book Elementary Calculus An Infinitesimal Approach by Keisler which presented elementary calculus using the methods of nonstandard analysis ... However, in applications of the calculus, it is helpful to imagine a line in physical space as a hyperreal line ... No invocation of Newton and Leibniz is going to justify developing calculus using axioms V* and VI*-on the grounds that the usual definition of a ...
Lambda-mu Calculus
... logic and computer science, the lambda-mu calculus is an extension of the lambda calculus, and was introduced by M ... the mu operator found in computability theory and from the μ operator of modal μ-calculus) and the bracket operator ... One of the main goals of this extended calculus is to be able to describe expressions corresponding to theorems in classical logic ...
Calculus - Applications
... Calculus is used in every branch of the physical sciences, actuarial science, computer science, statistics, engineering, economics, business, medicine, demography ... Physics makes particular use of calculus all concepts in classical mechanics and electromagnetism are interrelated through calculus ... as the total energy of an object within a conservative field can be found by the use of calculus ...

More definitions of "calculus":

  • (noun): A hard lump produced by the concretion of mineral salts; found in hollow organs or ducts of the body.
    Synonyms: concretion
  • (noun): The branch of mathematics that is concerned with limits and with the differentiation and integration of functions.
    Synonyms: the calculus, infinitesimal calculus

Famous quotes containing the word calculus:

    I try to make a rough music, a dance of the mind, a calculus of the emotions, a driving beat of praise out of the pain and mystery that surround me and become me. My poems are meant to make your mind get up and shout.
    Judith Johnson Sherwin (b. 1936)