West Virginia In The American Civil War
The U.S. state of West Virginia was formed out of western Virginia and added to the Union as a direct result of the American Civil War (see History of West Virginia). In the summer of 1861, Union troops under General George McClellan drove off Confederate troops under General Robert E. Lee. This essentially freed Unionists in the northwestern counties of Virginia to form their own government as a result of the Wheeling Convention. After Lee's departure, western Virginia continued to be a target of Confederate raids, even after the creation of the new state in 1863. These actions focused both on supplying the Confederate Army with provisions as well as attacking the vital Baltimore and Ohio Railroad that linked the northeast with the midwest, as exemplified in the Jones-Imboden Raid. Guerrilla warfare also gripped the new state, especially in the Allegheny Mountain counties to the east, where loyalties were much more divided than in the Unionist northwest part of the state.
... Main Street Boxwood was used as a hospital during the war ... used as a headquarters by both armies during the war ... Davis History House (1798), West Main Street The Davis House was home to the Davis family which sent two sons to fight for the Confederacy and one for the Union ...
... McClellan - Led first Union forces into western Virginia and secured early victories and publicity ... won independent victory at Rich Mountain, but was sent west ... Fitz John Porter - Early actions in western Virginia helped secure place as key subordinate to McClellan ...
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