Water Supply and Sanitation in Saudi Arabia - Water Use

Water Use

Total municipal water use in Saudi Arabia has been estimated at 2.1 cubic kilometers per year in 2004, or 9% of total water use. Agriculture accounts for 88% of water use and industry for only 3%. Demand has been growing at the rate of 4.3% per annum (average for the period 1999-2004), in tandem with urban population growth (around 3%). Water supply is usually not metered, neither at the source nor the distribution point. It is tentatively estimated that average water consumption for those connected to the network is about 235 liters per capita per day, a level lower than in the United States.

Water reuse in Saudi Arabia is growing, both at the level of buildings and at the level of cities. For example, ablution water in mosques is being reused for the flushing of toilets. At the city level, treated wastewater is being reused for landscaping, irrigation and in industries such as refining. In Riyadh 50 million cubic meter per year is pumped over 40 km (25 mi) and 60m elevation to irrigate 15,000 hectares of wheat, fodder, orchards and palm trees.

Water conservation measures, such as awareness campaigns through the media and educational pamphlets, have been carried out. In addition, in Riyadh a leakage control program has been carried out and a special, higher water tariff has been introduced. Furthermore free water appliances (taps, shower heads, toilet boxes) were distributed, reportedly resulting in a decrease of residential water use of between 25-35%.

An unknown, but large proportion of the population is dependent on supply through water tankers. For example, Riyadh experiences water shortages and intermittent supply, especially during the summer peak demand. To cope with the shortage, 18 million cubic meters of water was distributed during one summer by private contractors. With the commissioning of a new large well field at Al Honai this problem has been reduced.

Read more about this topic:  Water Supply And Sanitation In Saudi Arabia

Other articles related to "water use, water":

Water Use - See Also
... Sustainable development portal Water resources Waste water Water crisis Virtual water Deficit irrigation Water resources of China China water crisis Carbon footprint Ecological footprint ...
Water - In Culture - Literature
... Water is used in literature as a symbol of purification ... Sherlock Holmes held that "From a drop of water, a logician could infer the possibility of an Atlantic or a Niagara without having seen or heard of one or the other." ...
Lynemouth Power Station - Operations - Water Use
... electricity, and for cooling the steam coming away from the turbines, water is needed, and is thus beneficial to have near any thermal power station ... The cooling water that is used in the Lynemouth power station is taken from a body of water located close to the plant, the North Sea ... The water is transferred from the sea to the plant by a series of shafts and tunnels ...
... of fine granular material (such as sand or silt), clay, and water ... When water in the sand cannot escape, it creates liquefied soil that loses strength and cannot support weight ... Quicksand can be formed in standing water or in upwards flowing water (as from an artesian spring) ...
Lozoya (river) - Water Use
... several dams and reservoirs that supply almost 50 percent of the water for Madrid's metropolitan area ... Other uses of the river water such as forestry and agriculture have had much less physical impact ... construction on the Lozoya has been so great, the river is now rated as Heavily Modified Water Body (HMWB) based on the European Synthesis Project ...

Famous quotes containing the word water:

    To get wealth and security by guile
    Is like one who pours water into a pot of unbaked clay.
    Tiruvalluvar (c. 5th century A.D.)

    It would not be an easy thing to bring the water all the way to the plain. They would have to organize a great coumbite with all the peasants and the water would unite them once again, its fresh breath would clear away the fetid stink of anger and hatred; the brotherly community would be reborn with new plants, the fields filled with to bursting with fruits and grains, the earth gorged with life, simple and fertile.
    Jacques Roumain (1907–1945)