Vijayanagara Empire

The Vijayanagara Empire referred to as the Kingdom of Bisnagar by the Portuguese, was an empire based in South India, in the Deccan Plateau region. It was established in 1336 by Harihara I and his brother Bukka Raya I of Sangama Dynasty. The empire rose to prominence as a culmination of attempts by the southern powers to ward off Islamic invasions by the end of the 13th century. It lasted until 1646 although its power declined after a major military defeat in 1565 by the Deccan sultanates. The empire is named after its capital city of Vijayanagara, whose ruins surround present day Hampi, now a World Heritage Site in Karnataka, India. The writings of medieval European travelers such as Domingo Paes, Fernão Nunes and Niccolò Da Conti, and the literature in local languages provide crucial information about its history. Archaeological excavations at Vijayanagara have revealed the empire's power and wealth.

The empire's legacy includes many monuments spread over South India, the best known of which is the group at Hampi. The previous temple building traditions in South India came together in the Vijayanagara Architecture style. The mingling of all faiths and vernaculars inspired architectural innovation of Hindu temple construction, first in the Deccan and later in the Dravidian idioms using the local granite. Secular royal structures show the influence of the Northern Deccan Sultanate architecture. Efficient administration and vigorous overseas trade brought new technologies such as water management systems for irrigation. The empire's patronage enabled fine arts and literature to reach new heights in the languages of Kannada, Telugu, Tamil and Sanskrit, while Carnatic music evolved into its current form. The Vijayanagara Empire created an epoch in South Indian history that transcended regionalism by promoting Hinduism as a unifying factor.

Read more about Vijayanagara EmpireHistory, Governance, Economy

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Vijayanagara Empire - Culture - Language
... and Tamil were used in their respective regions of the empire ... The empire minted coins at Hampi, Penugonda and Tirupati with Nagari, Kannada and Telugu legends usually carrying the name of the ruler ...
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... Sadashiva Raya (1542–1569) was a ruler of the Vijayanagara Empire, a powerful South Indian empire based in the Deccan in 16th century India ... Vijayanagara Empire Sangama Dynasty Harihara Raya I 1336–1356 Bukka Raya I 1356–1377 Harihara Raya II 1377–1404 Virupaksha Raya 1404–1405 Bukka Raya II 1405–1406 Deva ... was controlled by his minister Rama Raya, the de facto king, who restored the Vijayanagara empire's power which had diminished after the rule of Krishna Deva Raya ...
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... in the 9th century 10th to 12th century The Chola Period 13th to 17th century Vijayanagara Empire Arab migrants 1502 to 1606 Vijayanagara Empire Portuguese outpost 1606 to 1825 Dutch ...
Political History Of Medieval Karnataka - Vijayanagara Empire
... See also Vijayanagara Empire, Kannada literature in Vijayanagara empire, and Vijayanagara Architecture The Vijayanagara Empire quickly rose to imperial status as early as the late 14th century ... The empire's most famous rulers were Deva Raya II and the Tuluva king Krishnadevaraya ... After a brief decline, the empire reached its peak in early 16th century during the rule of Krishnadevaraya when the Vijayanagara armies were consistently victorious ...
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... of competing southern dynasties the Muslim Bahmani Sultanate (1347–1527) and the Hindu Vijayanagara Empire (1336–1565) ... Founded in 1336, the Vijayanagara Empire (named for its capital Vijayanagara (Vijayanagar), "City of Victory," in present-day Karnataka) expanded rapidly ... Vijayanagara rulers closely followed Chola precedents, especially in collecting agricultural and trade revenues, in giving encouragement to commercial guilds, and in honoring ...

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