Vetus Latina - Text

Text

There was no single "Vetus Latina" Bible; there are, instead, a collection of Biblical manuscript texts that bear witness to Latin translations of Biblical passages that preceded Jerome's. After comparing readings for Luke 24:4-5 in Vetus Latina manuscripts, Bruce Metzger counted "no fewer than 27 variant readings!" To these witnesses of previous translations, many scholars frequently add quotations of Biblical passages that appear in the works of the Latin Fathers, some of which share readings with certain groups of manuscripts. As such, many of the Vetus Latina "versions" were generally not promulgated in their own right as translations of the Bible to be used in the whole Church; rather, many of the texts that form part of the Vetus Latina were prepared on an ad hoc basis for the local use of Christian communities, to illuminate another Christian discourse or sermon, or as the Latin half of a diglot manuscript (e.g. Codex Bezae). There are some Old Latin texts that seem to have aspired to greater stature or currency; several manuscripts of Old Latin Gospels exist, containing the four canonical Gospels; the several manuscripts that contain them differ substantially from one another. Other Biblical passages, however, are extant only in excerpts or fragments.

Part of a series on
The Bible
Biblical canons and books
  • Tanakh
    • Torah
    • Nevi'im
    • Ketuvim
  • Christian biblical canons
  • Old Testament (OT)
  • New Testament (NT)
  • Hebrew Bible
  • Deuterocanon
  • Antilegomena
  • Chapters and verses
  • Apocrypha
    • Jewish
    • OT
    • NT
Development and authorship
  • Authorship
  • Hebrew canon
  • Old Testament canon
  • New Testament canon
  • Mosaic authorship
  • Pauline epistles
  • Johannine works
  • Petrine epistles
Translations and manuscripts
  • Samaritan Torah
  • Dead Sea scrolls
  • Masoretic text
  • Targums
  • Peshitta
  • Septuagint
  • Vulgate
  • Gothic Bible
  • Vetus Latina
  • Luther Bible
  • English Bibles
Biblical studies
  • Dating the Bible
  • Biblical criticism
  • Historical criticism
  • Textual criticism
  • Source criticism
  • Form criticism
  • Redaction criticism
  • Canonical criticism
  • Novum Testamentum Graece
  • Documentary hypothesis
  • Wiseman hypothesis
  • Synoptic problem
  • NT textual categories
  • Historicity
  • People
  • Places
  • Names
  • Internal consistency
  • Archeology
  • Artifacts
  • Science and the Bible
Interpretation
  • Hermeneutics
  • Pesher
  • Midrash
  • Pardes
  • Allegorical interpretation
  • Literalism
  • Prophecy
  • Inspiration
Perspectives
  • Gnostic
  • Islamic
  • Qur'anic
  • Christianity and Judaism
  • Inerrancy
  • Infallibility
  • Criticism of the Bible
  • Bible book
  • Bible portal

The language of the Old Latin translations is uneven in quality, as Augustine of Hippo lamented in De Doctrina Christiana (2, 16). Grammatical solecisms abound; some reproduce literally Greek or Hebrew idioms as they appear in the Septuagint. Likewise, the various Old Latin translations reflect the various versions of the Septuagint circulating, with the African manuscripts (such as the Codex Bobiensis) preserving readings of the Western text-type, while readings in the European manuscripts are closer to the Byzantine text-type. Many grammatical idiosyncrasies come from the use of Vulgar Latin grammatical forms in the text.

Read more about this topic:  Vetus Latina

Other articles related to "text":

Pange Lingua Gloriosi Corporis Mysterium - Text
... The following is the Latin text with a doxology, and an English translation by Fr ... Latin text An English translation A more literal rendering Pange, lingua, gloriosi Corporis mysterium, Sanguinisque pretiosi, quem in mundi pretium fructus ventris generosi Rex effudit Gentium ...
Quiznation (US Game Show) - Format
... American residents 18 or older could enter the contest by text messaging a request or using the network's website ... GSN charges a $.99 fee for each text message entry, in addition to standard text messaging rates charged by the wireless provider ...
2005–06 PBA Fiesta Conference - Quarterfinals - Talk 'N Text–Air21 Series
... January 14 Recap Talk 'N Text Phone Pals 111, Air21 Express 109 Araneta Coliseum, Quezon City ABC January 15 Recap Talk 'N Text Phone Pals 87, Air21 Express 90 Araneta Coliseum, Quezon ...
ANSI Escape Code - Support
... The Linux console (the text seen when X is not running) also interprets them ... for Microsoft Windows designed to show text from an outside source (a serial port, modem, or socket) also interpret them ... Some support for text from local programs on Windows is offered through alternate command processors such as JP Software's TCC (formerly 4NT), Michael J ...
Yacht Issue - Printing
... Sometimes blank stamps were printed and stored, and the text would be overprinted later ... On fully engraved plates, the text color matches the design color, while overprinted blanks have their text in rich black ink ...

Famous quotes containing the word text:

    What our eyes behold may well be the text of life but one’s meditations on the text and the disclosures of these meditations are no less a part of the structure of reality.
    Wallace Stevens (1879–1955)

    Don Pedro. But when shall we set the savage bull’s horns on the sensible Benedick’s head?
    Claudio. Yes, and text underneath, “Here dwells Benedick, the married man?”
    William Shakespeare (1564–1616)

    There’s a great text in Galatians,
    Once you trip on it, entails
    Twenty-nine distinct damnations,
    One sure, if another fails:
    Robert Browning (1812–1889)