Vedic Sanskrit

Vedic Sanskrit is an Old Indo-Aryan language. It is an archaic form of Sanskrit, an early descendant of Proto-Indo-Iranian. It is closely related to Avestan, the oldest preserved Iranian language. Vedic Sanskrit is the oldest attested language of the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European family.

Vedic Sanskrit is the language of the Vedas, texts compiled over the period of early-to-mid 2nd to mid 1st millennium BC. Vedic Sanskrit has been orally preserved as a part of the Śrauta tradition of Vedic chanting, predating the advent of alphabetic writing in India by several centuries. For lack of both epigraphic evidence and an unbroken manuscript tradition, Vedic Sanskrit can be considered a reconstructed language. Especially the oldest stage of the language, Rigvedic Sanskrit, the language of the hymns of the Rigveda, is preserved only in a redacted form several centuries younger than the texts' composition. Recovering its original form is a matter of linguistic reconstruction.

From about the 6th century BC, in the classical period of Iron Age Ancient India, Vedic Sanskrit gave way to Classical Sanskrit as defined by the grammar of Pāṇini.

Read more about Vedic SanskritPhonology, Principal Differences From Classical Sanskrit, Grammar

Other articles related to "vedic sanskrit, sanskrit, vedic":

Sanskrit Revival - Varieties - Vedic Sanskrit
... Sanskrit, as defined by Pāṇini, had evolved out of the earlier "Vedic" form ... The beginning of Vedic Sanskrit can be traced as early as 1500–1200 BCE (for Rig-vedic and Indo-Aryan superstrate in Mitanni) ... Scholars often distinguish Vedic Sanskrit and Classical or "Pāṇinian" Sanskrit as separate 'dialects' ...
Linguistic History Of India - Indo-Aryan Languages - Old Indo-Aryan - Vedic Sanskrit
... Main article Vedic Sanskrit See also Indo-Aryan superstrate in Mitanni Vedic Sanskrit is the language of the Vedas, a large collection of hymns, incantations, and religio-philosophical discussions which ... The end of the Vedic period is marked by the composition of the Upanishads, which form the concluding part of the Vedic corpus in the traditional compilations, dated to roughly 500 BCE ... It is around this time that Sanskrit began the transition from a first language to a second language of religion and learning, marking the beginning of the Classical period ...
Vedic Sanskrit - Grammar
... Vedic had a subjunctive absent in Panini's grammar and generally believed to have disappeared by then at least in common sentence constructions ... in the subjunctive and optative moods, in contrast to Classical Sanskrit, with no subjunctive and only a present optative ... subjunctive forms were used to complete the Classical Sanskrit imperative.) The three synthetic past tenses (imperfect, perfect and aorist) were ...
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... the Gathas composed in a language (Avesta), the sister language of Vedic Sanskrit ... be reckoned a method for paraphrasing Vedic Sanskrit in a manner that is identical not only in essence but in form with current work in Artificial ... on the language of the masses (Avesta/Vedic Sanskrit), these “Manthric” compositions used single sound syllables based on root words placed in specific meter (sequence) ...