Tropical Agriculture

Tropical Agriculture

Worldwide more human beings gain their livelihood from agriculture than any other endeavor; the majority are self-employed subsistence farmers living in the tropics. While growing food for local consumption is the core of tropical agriculture, cash crops (normally crops grown for export) are also included in the definition.

When people discuss the tropics, it is normal to use generalized labels to group together similar tropical areas. Common terms would include the humid-tropics (rainforests); the arid-tropics (deserts and dry areas); or monsoon zones (those areas that have well defined wet/dry seasons and experience monsoons). Such labeling is very useful when discussing agriculture, because what works in one area of the world will normally work in a similar area somewhere else, even if that area is on the opposite side of the globe.

Most temperate zone agricultural techniques are inappropriate for tropical areas. The second half of the 20th century saw many attempts to duplicate in the tropics farming practices that had been successful in temperate climates. Due to differences in climate, soils, and patterns of land ownership, these largely failed. When they did succeed they tended to heavily favor farmers with substantial land holdings, as a high percentage of temperate agricultural practices are economically "scale-based" and favor large scale production. This in turn pushed many small-scale farmers on to ever more marginal land, as the better quality land was consolidated into larger farms.

Read more about Tropical Agriculture:  Green Revolution, Plant Propagation, Plant Defenses, Slash/mulch, Small-scale Irrigation, Pioneering Crops, Hunger Season, Vulnerability To Climate Change, Common Tropical Horticulture Crops, Common Agricultural Crops

Other articles related to "tropical agriculture, agriculture":

CGIAR - Brief History - The Early Years
... international effort" to support "research specializing in food supplies and tropical agriculture" ... centres CIMMYT, IRRI, the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) and the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) ...
Max Fesca - Biography - Life in Japan
... by the Geological Research Institute of the Ministry of Agriculture and Commerce in Tokyo with a focus on improving on the techniques and productivity of Japanese agriculture ... Fesca came to be regarded as the “father of modern Japanese agriculture" through his introduction of new farm implements, deep tillage methods, crop rotation and new seeds ... During his time in Japan, Fesca made a comprehensive survey of agriculture in the province of Kai (later renamed as Yamanashi prefecture), and also wrote a number of technical papers on the ...
Kununurra, Western Australia - History
... The history of the idea of agriculture on the Ord River dates from the 19th Century ... The idea of tropical agriculture on the Ord was discussed much from the earliest dates, but the land remained under pastoral lease until 1960 ... and Packsaddle farm areas, and the Frank Wise Institute of Tropical Agriculture, formerly known as the Kimberley Research Station (KRS) ...

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