Thomas Henry Huxley PC FRS (4 May 1825 – 29 June 1895) was an English biologist (anatomist), known as "Darwin's Bulldog" for his advocacy of Charles Darwin's theory of evolution.
Huxley's famous 1860 debate with Samuel Wilberforce was a key moment in the wider acceptance of evolution, and in his own career. Huxley had been planning to leave Oxford on the previous day, but, after an encounter with Robert Chambers, the author of Vestiges, he changed his mind and decided to join the debate. Wilberforce was coached by Richard Owen, against whom Huxley also debated whether humans were closely related to apes.
Huxley was slow to accept some of Darwin's ideas, such as gradualism, and was undecided about natural selection, but despite this he was wholehearted in his public support of Darwin. He was instrumental in developing scientific education in Britain, and fought against the more extreme versions of religious tradition.
In 1869 Huxley coined the term 'agnostic' to describe his own views on theology, a term whose use has continued to the present day (see Thomas Henry Huxley and agnosticism).
Huxley had little formal schooling and taught himself almost everything he knew. He became perhaps the finest comparative anatomist of the latter 19th century. He worked on invertebrates, clarifying relationships between groups previously little understood. Later, he worked on vertebrates, especially on the relationship between apes and humans. After comparing Archaeopteryx with Compsognathus, he concluded that birds evolved from small carnivorous dinosaurs, a theory widely accepted today.
The tendency has been for this fine anatomical work to be overshadowed by his energetic and controversial activity in favour of evolution, and by his extensive public work on scientific education, both of which had significant effects on society in Britain and elsewhere.
... Henry IV (13 December 1553 – 14 May 1610), Henri-Quatre, was King of Navarre (as Henry III) from 1572 to 1610 and King of France from 1589 to 1610 ... As a Huguenot, Henry was involved in the Wars of Religion he barely escaped the St ... On the death of the childless Henry III, he ascended the throne of France in 1589, but had to abjure his Calvinist faith ...
... Huxley appears alongside Charles Darwin and Samuel Wilberforce in the play Darwin in Malibu by British playwright Crispin Whittell and is portrayed by British actor ... Huxley is referred to as the tutor of the main character, Edward Prendick, in HG Wells' 1896 science fiction novel The Island of Dr Moreau ... - Groucho Marx is Professor Quincy Adams Wagstaff, Dean of Huxley College ...
... as philosophical skepticism, but the terms agnostic and agnosticism were created by Huxley to sum up his thoughts on contemporary developments of metaphysics about the "unconditioned ... It is important, therefore, to discover Huxley's own views on the matter ... Though Huxley began to use the term "agnostic" in 1869, his opinions had taken shape some time before that date ...
... Huxley's major biographies were the three volumes of Life and Letters of Thomas Henry Huxley and the two volumes of Life and Letters of Sir Joseph Dalton Hooker OM GCSI ... He also published Thomas Henry Huxley a character sketch, and a short biography of Darwin. 1900 Life and Letters of Thomas Henry Huxley ...
... Sir Leonard George Holden Huxley KBE (1902–1988) was second cousin once removed of T.H.H ... Much of his life was spent in Australia, though he was at Oxford from 1923–30 ...
Famous quotes containing the words thomas henry huxley, huxley and/or thomas:
“The population question is the real riddle of the sphinx, to which no political Oedipus has as yet found the answer. In view of the ravages of the terrible monster over-multiplication, all other riddle sink into insignificance.”
—Thomas Henry Huxley (182595)
“I have always been, am, and propose to remain a mere scholar. All that I have ever proposed to myself is to say, this and this I have learned; thus and thus have I learned it; go thou and learn better; but do not thrust on my shoulders the responsibility for your own laziness if you elect to take, on my authority, conclusions the value of which you ought to have tested for yourself.”
—Thomas Henry Huxley (182595)
“Its thatthe thought of the few, simple things we want and the knowledge that were going to get them in spite of you know Who and His spites and tempersthat keeps us living I think.”
—Dylan Thomas (19141953)