Technics and Time, 1 - Part I: The Invention of The Human - Technology and Anthropology - Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Jean-Jacques Rousseau inherits this problematic. The problem will always be that of distinguishing the origin from the fall (into technicity). The task is to think this distinction as something other than an opposition. Such a thought of origin takes us to the work of Friedrich Nietzsche, but Nietzsche did not only ask "Who is man?" but "Who overcomes man?" In so doing, Nietzsche took aim at Rousseau, at the presumptiveness that takes the evidence of man from whom he has been for the last four millennia, as though this were an eternity. Nietzsche demands instead an historical philosophising, that is, a thinking of becoming.

Rousseau's Discourse on the Origin of Inequality wishes to ask about the origin of the human, about the "nature" of humanity prior to artifice. But he asks this question by "suspending" the historical facts, by constructing the fiction of an origin prior to the facts, which he nevertheless bases on a kind of evidence, a transcendental evidence. Pure nature: man prior to creation.

Stiegler then presents his critique of Rousseau, amounting to the fact that Rousseau is unable to achieve his wish to think the human prior to prostheticity, to think the fall as exteriorisation. Rousseau tries to think a double origin, but the second origin ends up being both the actual origin and the absence of origin, a merely accidental originality. But Rousseau does make clear that everything we think of as originarily human is so in the mode of default, as supplementarity. The question becomes to think the relation of being and time as a technological relation, since this relation only develops within the originary horizon of technics, even if this is equally an absence of origin.

Read more about this topic:  Technics And Time, 1, Part I: The Invention of The Human, Technology and Anthropology

Other articles related to "rousseau":

Jean-Jacques Rousseau - Online Texts
... Sciences English translation Confessions of Jean-Jacques Rousseau English translation, as published by Project Gutenberg, 2004 Considerations on the Government of Poland English translation ... and correction of Barbara Foxley's Everyman translation, at Columbia) Full Ebooks of Rousseau in french on the website 'La philosophie' Mondo ... Priest English translation Works by Jean-Jacques Rousseau at Project Gutenberg (French) Texts of J.-J ...
Animal Rights Activists - Historical Development in The West - 18th Century: Centrality of Sentience - Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Immanuel Kant
... Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712–1778) argued in Discourse on Inequality (1754) for the inclusion of animals in natural law on the grounds of sentience alone ".. ...
Social Pedagogy - Historic Development - Jean-Jacques Rousseau
... educational philosophy of the Swiss social thinker Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712–1778) ... in harmony with nature and its laws so as to preserve the good was central for Rousseau’s pedagogic theory ... Rousseau innovatively “argued that the momentum for learning was provided by the growth of the person (nature) – and that what the educator needed ...

Famous quotes by jean-jacques rousseau:

    To impose celibacy on such a large body as the clergy of the Catholic Church is not to forbid it to have wives but to order it to be content with the wives of others.
    Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712–1778)

    It is a mania shared by philosophers of all ages to deny what exists and to explain what does not exist.
    Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712–1778)

    I hate books; they only teach us to talk about what we don’t know.
    Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712–1778)

    I have resolved on an enterprise that has no precedent and will have no imitator. I want to set before my fellow human beings a man in every way true to nature; and that man will be myself.
    Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712–1778)

    Men, in general, are not this or that, they are what they are made to be.
    Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712–1778)