Taiwanese nationalism (simplified Chinese: 台湾民族主义; traditional Chinese: 臺灣民族主義; pinyin: Táiwān Mínzú Zhǔyì; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Tâi-oân bîn-cho̍k-chú-gī) is a nationalist political movement to unite residents of Taiwan as a nation and eliminate the current political and social division of Taiwan's people on the issues of national identity, the "Chinese reunification" vs. "independence" debate, and resolving the political status of Taiwan and its political dispute with China. It is closely linked to Taiwan independence but distinguished from it in that the independence movement seeks to eventually establish an independent "Republic of Taiwan" in place of or out of the Republic of China and obtain United Nations and international recognition as a sovereign state (country), while the nationalism movement seeks only to establish or reinforce an independent Taiwanese identity that distinguishes Taiwan's people apart from Chinese nationalism, without necessarily advocating changing the state's official name from "Republic of China" to "Republic of Taiwan".
The Taiwanese nationalism/identity issue resulted from the complex history and unresolved political and legal status of Taiwan.
Therefore, in context, Taiwanese nationalists seek to unite residents of Taiwan into a nation, i.e. a people of common Taiwanese identity and/or ancestry; whereas Taiwan Independence supporters seek to go one step further and officially change the state of "Republic of China"'s name to "Republic of Taiwan". In terms of Taiwan's political spectrum, Taiwanese nationalists range from "Light Green" inside the Pan-Green Coalition, to "Deep Green" of Taiwan Independence supporters. Note that all Taiwanese independence supporters are Taiwanese nationalists, but the reverse is not necessarily true, meaning that Taiwanese nationlists are not necessarily supporters of "Taiwan Independence" since some of them may support the "status quo" and be content with the current political status of Taiwan without a formal state name change, but merely assert their identity as "Taiwanese".
In the domestic dispute over the role of the Taiwanese localization movement, Chinese nationalists in Taiwan argue that Taiwanese culture should only be emphasized in the larger context of Chinese culture, while Taiwanese nationalists argue that Chinese culture is only one part of Taiwanese culture.
|The left is Passport of Taiwan (Republic of China), and the right is Passport of China (People's Republic of China).
They are different and mutual exclusive in law; most people living in Taiwan only will and only can choose one from these two to identify themselves by current law.
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Famous quotes containing the word nationalism:
“The difference between patriotism and nationalism is that the patriot is proud of his country for what it does, and the nationalist is proud of his country no matter what it does; the first attitude creates a feeling of responsibility, but the second a feeling of blind arrogance that leads to war.”
—Sydney J. Harris (19171986)