Túpac Amaru Revolutionary Movement

The Túpac Amaru Revolutionary Movement (Spanish: Movimiento Revolucionario Túpac Amaru, abbreviated MRTA) was a Marxist revolutionary group active in Peru from the early 1980s to 1997 and one of the main actors in the internal conflict in Peru. It was led by Víctor Polay Campos (comrade "Rolando") until his incarceration and by Néstor Cerpa Cartolini (comrade "Evaristo") until his death in 1997.

The MRTA took its name in homage to Túpac Amaru II, an 18th-century rebel leader who was himself named after his ancestor Túpac Amaru, the last indigenous leader of the Inca people. MRTA was considered a terrorist organization by the Peruvian government, the US Department of State and the European Parliament but was later removed from the U.S. list of Foreign Terrorist Organizations on October 5, 2001.

At the height of its strength, it had several hundred active members. Its stated goals were to establish a socialist state and rid the country of all imperialist elements.

Read more about Túpac Amaru Revolutionary Movement:  Origins, Operations, Trials and Convictions, Truth and Reconciliation Commission

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