Stereotypes can be efficient shortcuts and sense-making tools. They can, however, keep people from processing new or unexpected information about each individual, thus biasing the impression formation process. Early researchers believed that stereotypes were inaccurate representations of reality. A series of pioneering studies which appeared in the 1930s found no empirical support for widely held racial stereotypes. By the mid-1950s, Gordon Allport wrote that "it is possible for a stereotype to grow in defiance of all evidence".
Research on the role of illusory correlations in the formation of stereotypes suggests that stereotypes can develop because of incorrect inferences about the relationship between two events (e.g., membership in a social group and bad or good attributes). This means that at least some stereotypes are inaccurate.
There is empirical social science research which shows that stereotypes are often accurate. Jussim et al. reviewed four studies concerning racial and seven studies which examined gender stereotypes about demographic characteristics, academic achievement, personality and behavior. Based on that, the authors argued that some aspects of ethnic and gender stereotypes are accurate while stereotypes concerning political affiliation and nationality are much less accurate. A study by Terracciano et al. also found that stereotypic beliefs about nationality do not reflect the actual personality traits of people from different cultures.
Read more about this topic: Stereotype
Other articles related to "accuracy":
... The partial sum has only one digit accuracy, while six-figure accuracy requires summing about 400,000 terms ... results, clearly showing the improved accuracy and convergence rate 0 4.00000000 — — — 1 2.66666667 3.16666667 — — 2 3.46666667 3.13333333 3.14210526 — 3 2.89523810 3.14523810 3.14145022 3.14159936 4 3.33968 ...
... Accuracy of the system is demonstrated in several ways ... The percent accuracy can vary, but most fall between 2.5% and 5% ... This testing is referred to as a Relative Accuracy Test Audit (RATA) ...
... for the creator or highest deity, conceptualizing accuracy as semantic rather than phonetic ... Sacred Name Bibles suggests that phonetic accuracy is not considered to be of importance by mainstream Bible translators ...
... Chinese mathematician to provide a rigorous algorithm for calculation of π to any accuracy ... Liu Hui's own calculation with a 96-gon provided an accuracy of five digits π ≈ 3.1416 ... of an iterative algorithm to calculate π to any required accuracy based on bisecting polygons he calculated π to between 3.141024 and 3.142708 with a 96-gon he suggested that 3.14 was a good enough approximation ...
... Olsen won the Gold Medal in Women's Individual Accuracy at the XIX World Parachuting Championships in Sweden in 1988 ... Watson, won the Silver Medal in Women's Team Accuracy at the XVI World Parachuting Championships in Czechoslovakia, after which they posed in bikinis in a 1982 issue of CANPARA (Can ... She also served as Chief Judge in Style Accuracy at the 2004 US National Skydiving Championships ...
Famous quotes containing the word accuracy:
“In everything from athletic ability to popularity to looks, brains, and clothes, children rank themselves against others. At this age [7 and 8], children can tell you with amazing accuracy who has the coolest clothes, who tells the biggest lies, who is the best reader, who runs the fastest, and who is the most popular boy in the third grade.”
—Stanley I. Greenspan (20th century)
“Such is the never-failing beauty and accuracy of language, the most perfect art in the world; the chisel of a thousand years retouches it.”
—Henry David Thoreau (18171862)
“The child who has been taught to make an accurate elevation, plan, and section of a pint pot has had an admirable training in accuracy of eye and hand.”
—Thomas Henry Huxley (182595)