Stereotypes can be efficient shortcuts and sense-making tools. They can, however, keep people from processing new or unexpected information about each individual, thus biasing the impression formation process. Early researchers believed that stereotypes were inaccurate representations of reality. A series of pioneering studies which appeared in the 1930s found no empirical support for widely held racial stereotypes. By the mid-1950s, Gordon Allport wrote that "it is possible for a stereotype to grow in defiance of all evidence".
Research on the role of illusory correlations in the formation of stereotypes suggests that stereotypes can develop because of incorrect inferences about the relationship between two events (e.g., membership in a social group and bad or good attributes). This means that at least some stereotypes are inaccurate.
There is empirical social science research which shows that stereotypes are often accurate. Jussim et al. reviewed four studies concerning racial and seven studies which examined gender stereotypes about demographic characteristics, academic achievement, personality and behavior. Based on that, the authors argued that some aspects of ethnic and gender stereotypes are accurate while stereotypes concerning political affiliation and nationality are much less accurate. A study by Terracciano et al. also found that stereotypic beliefs about nationality do not reflect the actual personality traits of people from different cultures.
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Other articles related to "accuracy":
... Accuracy of the system is demonstrated in several ways ... The percent accuracy can vary, but most fall between 2.5% and 5% ... This testing is referred to as a Relative Accuracy Test Audit (RATA) ...
... The partial sum has only one digit accuracy, while six-figure accuracy requires summing about 400,000 terms ... and Shanks transformation results, clearly showing the improved accuracy and convergence rate 0 4.00000000 — — — 1 2.66666667 3.16666667 — — 2 3.46666667 ...
... to provide a rigorous algorithm for calculation of π to any accuracy ... Liu Hui's own calculation with a 96-gon provided an accuracy of five digits π ≈ 3.1416 ... step-by-step description of an iterative algorithm to calculate π to any required accuracy based on bisecting polygons he calculated π to between 3.141024 and 3.1 ...
... Olsen won the Gold Medal in Women's Individual Accuracy at the XIX World Parachuting Championships in Sweden in 1988 ... Brenda Blue, Kathy Kangas, Eileen Vaughn, and Bev Watson, won the Silver Medal in Women's Team Accuracy at the XVI World Parachuting Championships in Czechoslovakia, after which they posed in bikinis in a ... She also served as Chief Judge in Style Accuracy at the 2004 US National Skydiving Championships ...
... local names for the creator or highest deity, conceptualizing accuracy as semantic rather than phonetic ... The limited number of Sacred Name Bibles suggests that phonetic accuracy is not considered to be of importance by mainstream Bible translators ...
Famous quotes containing the word accuracy:
“The child who has been taught to make an accurate elevation, plan, and section of a pint pot has had an admirable training in accuracy of eye and hand.”
—Thomas Henry Huxley (182595)
“My attachment has neither the blindness of the beginning, nor the microscopic accuracy of the close of such liaisons.”
—George Gordon Noel Byron (17881824)
“U.S. international and security policy ... has as its primary goal the preservation of what we might call the Fifth Freedom, understood crudely but with a fair degree of accuracy as the freedom to rob, to exploit and to dominate, to undertake any course of action to ensure that existing privilege is protected and advanced.”
—Noam Chomsky (b. 1928)