St. Paul's Episcopal Church (Baltimore, Maryland) - Architecture and Design

Architecture and Design

The present church was designed by renowned architect Richard Upjohn, with an eclectic juxtaposition of 12th-century Italian elements on the exterior and Romanesque elements on the interior. The exterior facade features two bas-reliefs of Christ and Moses, executed by the Italian sculptor Antonio Capellano (who also sculpted the statue on the top of the Battle Monument) that were originally part of the façade of the previous Robert Cary Long church. Other elements from the 1817 structure include the walls of the Federal period building, a stained glass window of the risen Christ over the entrance, a marble baptismal font designed by Maximilian Godefroy (who also designed the Battle Monument and the First Unitarian Church), and the Bishop’s chair given to St. Paul’s in 1815.

The church was given a relatively dark Victorian appearance when opened. The Greek columns were painted a sandstone orange, with an elaborate color scheme of brown, red, and yellow ochres dominating the rest of the nave. The chancel was dominated by a black walnut reredos. Stars were painted on the ceiling, and a small stained-glass window of St. Paul stood above the high altar. English Minton tiles adorned the aisles and chancel that complimented the color scheme of the church. An anonymous painting of this interior is still in the possession of the parish.

In 1903, the chancel was renovated to a brighter appearance, in accordance with the tastes of the period. The reredos was moved to the back of the church (where it still stands as a memorial wall), and a new Tiffany reredos was installed with a completely new design for the east wall, including a large window by Helen Maitland Armstrong was installed above the altar, with the St. Paul window moved to the south aisle. The ochres of the 1850s gave way to white faux blocks etched into the nave.

The oldest of the aisle windows date to 1890, but most were installed at the same time as the chancel redecoration. The designers include Tiffany Studios of New York City and Clayton & Bell Studios.

In the 1930s, the faux blocking was removed, leaving only tracery around the windows. The chancel was renovated for cleaning and maintenance in the 1990s. The Parish is currently exploring options for an historic restoration that would restore some of the spirit of the original color scheme while preserving the 1903 renovation.

Read more about this topic:  St. Paul's Episcopal Church (Baltimore, Maryland)

Other articles related to "architecture, architecture and design, design, architecture and designs, designs":

Cubism - Architecture
... link between early-twentieth-century art and architecture is widely accepted ... and socio-political relationships between avant-garde practices in painting, sculpture and architecture had early ramifications in France, Germany, the Netherlands and Czechoslovakia ... Though there are many points of intersection between Cubism and architecture, only a few direct links between them can be drawn ...
Monterrey Institute Of Technology And Higher Education, Querétaro - Academic Fields - Architecture and Design
... New urban space design ... Industrial Design ... Not only functional, but social, cultural, aesthetic, economic, and ecological design ...
Gottfried Semper
... May 15, 1879) was a German architect, art critic, and professor of architecture, who designed and built the Semper Opera House in Dresden between ... wrote extensively about the origins of architecture, especially in his book The Four Elements of Architecture from 1851, and he was one of the major ... for Richard Wagner to major urban interventions like the re-design of the Ringstraße in Vienna ...
Gottfried Semper - Life - Early Life (to 1834)
... He subsequently studied architecture in 1825 at the University of Munich under Friedrich von Gärtner. 1830 and 1833 he travelled to Italy and Greece in order to study the architecture and designs of antiquity ... of ancient villas he created in Athens inspired his later designs for the painted decorations in Dresden and Vienna ...
Lincoln Memorial Tower - Architecture and Design
... The original design by the architect E.C.Robins, developed in 1873, would have placed the tower and spire as an elevated structure above the centre of the new ... Bickerdike, who kept much of the original design and detailing of the building complex as a whole, but gave greater prominence to the Lincoln Tower ... the best examples of steeple and tower architecture in south-central London ...

Famous quotes containing the words architecture and, design and/or architecture:

    The two elements the traveler first captures in the big city are extrahuman architecture and furious rhythm. Geometry and anguish. At first glance, the rhythm may be confused with gaiety, but when you look more closely at the mechanism of social life and the painful slavery of both men and machines, you see that it is nothing but a kind of typical, empty anguish that makes even crime and gangs forgivable means of escape.
    Federico García Lorca (1898–1936)

    Delay always breeds danger; and to protract a great design is often to ruin it.
    Miguel De Cervantes (1547–1616)

    Art is a jealous mistress, and if a man have a genius for painting, poetry, music, architecture or philosophy, he makes a bad husband and an ill provider, and should be wise in season and not fetter himself with duties which will embitter his days and spoil him for his proper work.
    Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803–1882)