Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka (i/ʃriː ˈlɑːŋkə/, /sriːˈlɑːŋkə/, or /sriːˈlæŋkə/; Sinhala: ශ්‍රී ලංකාව, Tamil: இலங்கை), officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is an island country in the northern Indian Ocean off the southern coast of the Indian subcontinent in South Asia. Known until 1972 as Ceylon ( /sɨˈlɒn/, /seɪˈlɒn/, or /siːˈlɒn/), Sri Lanka has maritime borders with India to the northwest and the Maldives to the southwest.

Sri Lanka's documented history spans three thousand years. Its location and deep harbours provided great strategic importance from the time of the ancient Silk Road through to World War II. Sri Lanka is the home of many religions, ethnicities and languages. The first Buddhist writings occurred on the island. The Sinhalese people are the majority. The many ethnic minorities include Tamils, Muslim Moors, Burghers, Kaffirs, Malays and the aboriginal Vedda people. The country's recent history has been marred by a 3-decade inter-ethnic conflict which decisively but controversially ended in a military victory in 2009.

Sri Lanka is a republic and a unitary state governed by a presidential system. The capital Sri Jayawardenapura-Kotte, named by a president after himself, is a suburb of the largest city, Colombo. An important producer of tea, coffee, gemstones, coconuts, rubber and the native cinnamon, Sri Lanka has been called The Pearl of the Indian Ocean because of its shape and location. The island contains tropical forests, and diverse landscapes with high biodiversity.

The country has had a long history of international engagement, being a founding member of SAARC and a member of United Nations, Commonwealth of Nations, G77 and Non-Aligned Movement. More recent firm government has drawn criticism from the United Nations, Reporters Without Borders, and Amnesty International.

Read more about Sri LankaEtymology, Geography, Politics, Foreign Relations and Military, Economy, Demographics, Human Rights and Media, Culture

Other articles related to "sri lanka":

Israeli Intelligence Community - Further Reading
... Somalia NSS South Africa SASS South Korea NIS Spain CNI Sri Lanka SIS Sudan JAWM Switzerland NDB Syria GSD Tajikistan MoS Togo NIA Tunisia TIA Turkey MİT Turkmenistan KNB Uganda ISO Ukraine SZRU United Arab ...
International Cricket In 2006–07 - March 2007 - World Cup - Knockout Stage
... Team 2 Captain Venue Result Semi–Finals SF1 24 April 2007 Sri Lanka Mahela Jayawardene New Zealand Stephen Fleming Sabina Park Sri Lanka by 81 runs SF2 25 April 2007 Australia Ricky Ponting South Africa ...
Official State Car - Sri Lanka
... The President of Sri Lanka is driven in an armored Mercedes-Benz W221, armored BMW 7 Series escorted by a number of Land Rover Defender, Toyota Land Cruiser and Nissan Patrol cars ...
Sri Lanka - Culture - Sports
... Main article Sport in Sri Lanka While the national sport in Sri Lanka is volleyball, by far the most popular sport in the country is cricket ... Sri Lanka's schools and colleges regularly organise sports and athletics teams, competing on provincial and national levels ... The Sri Lanka national cricket team achieved considerable success beginning in the 1990s, rising from underdog status to winning the 1996 Cricket World Cup ...
International Cricket In 2006–07 - February 2007 - Sri Lanka in India
... Sri Lanka played a 4-match ODI series in India from 8 to 17 February ... Mahela Jayawardene Madhavrao Scindia Cricket Ground, Rajkot Sri Lanka by 5 runs ODI no ...