Special Education

Special education or special needs education is the education of students with special needs in a way that addresses the students' individual differences and needs. Ideally, this process involves the individually planned and systematically monitored arrangement of teaching procedures, adapted equipment and materials, accessible settings, and other interventions designed to help learners with special needs achieve a higher level of personal self-sufficiency and success in school and community than would be available if the student were only given access to a typical classroom education.

Common special needs include challenges with learning, communication challenges, emotional and behavioral disorders, physical disabilities, and developmental disorders. Students with these kinds of special needs are likely to benefit from additional educational services such as different approaches to teaching, use of technology, a specifically adapted teaching area, or resource room.

Intellectual giftedness is a difference in learning and can also benefit from specialized teaching techniques or different educational programs, but the term "special education" is generally used to specifically indicate instruction of students whose special needs reduce their ability to learn independently or in an ordinary classroom, and gifted education is handled separately.

In most developed countries, educators are modifying teaching methods and environments so that the maximum number of students are served in general education environments. Special education in developed countries is often regarded less as a "place" and more as "a range of services, available in every school." Integration can reduce social stigmas and improve academic achievement for many students.

The opposite of special education is general education. General education is the standard curriculum presented with standard teaching methods and without additional supports.

Read more about Special Education:  Identifying Students With Special Needs, Individual Needs, Methods of Provision, Instructional Strategies, Issues

Other articles related to "education, special education, special":

Graduate Training and Licensure of School Psychological Examiners
... training includes coursework beyond the Master of Education, Master of Science in Education, or Master of Arts in Teaching degrees ... Examiners complete the courses required by their state department of education rather than by a prescribed self-contained program of studies ... unfortunately just a handful of institutions of higher education offer this kind of self-standing graduate program ...
Tyree Scott Freedom School in Seattle - Tyree Scott Freedom School Purpose
... Alternative, community-based education is essential because the mainstream school system continues to fail to meet the needs of students and families of ... where powerful and transformative popular education and learning are the norm and not the exception where the whole person (body, heart, mind and soul) and the whole ... of students are Limited English and Equal English, and 14% of all students received special education services ...
Special Education - National Approaches - North America
... In North America, special education is commonly abbreviated as special ed, SpecEd, SPED, or SpEd in a professional context ... Canada Education in Canada is the responsibility of the individual provinces and territories ... with visual impairments, when assessing the achievements of students with special needs ...
Lewiston-Porter Central School District - Schools - Special Education
... The Lewiston-Porter Central School District provides students with disabilities the appropriate services to meet each student's educational needs ... A student is classified through the District's (CSE) Committee on Special Education Department or (CPSE) Committee on Preschool Education ...
Special Education In The United States - African-Americans in Special Education
... the problem” of minority children being misplaced in special education ... Department of Education, Elementary and Secondary School Civil Rights Reports (2000), African-American students made up only 17 percent of the total school enrollment however, 33 percent of ... African-American students and students of other races or ethnicities in special education ...

Famous quotes containing the words education and/or special:

    As for the graces of expression, a great thought is never found in a mean dress; but ... the nine Muses and the three Graces will have conspired to clothe it in fit phrase. Its education has always been liberal, and its implied wit can endow a college.
    Henry David Thoreau (1817–1862)

    Fashions change, and with the new psychoanalytical perspective of the postwar period [WWII], child rearing became enshrined as the special responsibility of mothers ... any shortcoming in adult life was now seen as rooted in the failure of mothering during childhood.
    Sylvia Ann Hewitt (20th century)