The South Island (Māori: Te Wai Pounamu) is the larger of the two major islands of New Zealand, the other being the more populous North Island. It is bordered to the north by Cook Strait, to the west by the Tasman Sea, to the south and east by the Pacific Ocean. The territory of the South Island covers 150,437 square kilometres (58,084 sq mi) and is influenced by a temperate climate.
The South Island is sometimes called the "Mainland". While it has a 33% larger landmass than the North Island, only 23% of New Zealand's 4.4 million inhabitants live in the South Island. In the early stages of European (Pākehā) settlement of the country, the South Island had the majority of the European population and wealth due to the 1860s gold rushes. The North Island population overtook the South in the early 20th century, with 56% of the population living in the North in 1911, and the drift north of people and businesses continued throughout the century.
Other articles related to "south island, south, island":
... with Golden Bay-Motueka and Nelson North Otago 1904 Heartland Championship Otago 1881 ITM Cup South Canterbury 1888 Heartland Championship Southland 1887 ITM Cup Tasman ...
... the end of 1958, Devlin had conquered the North Island, but was still relatively unknown in the South Island ... A stroke of genius and from there on the South Island was bedlam ... With sales in excess of 30,000 and orders for another 10,000 after his South Island tour, it was decided to re-record the song under better conditions ...
... New Zealand South Island High-level forests and subalpine scrublands 850–1400 m AMSL ... South Island Kaka (Nestor meridionalis meridionalis) Endangered Similar to the North Island Kaka, but slightly smaller, brighter colours, the crown is almost white, and ... New Zealand South Island Unbroken tracts of Nothofagus and Podocarpus forests 450–850 m AMSL in summer and 0–550 m in winter ...
... The HVDC Inter Island link starts at two converter stations located adjacent to Benmore Hydroelectric Power Station in the Waitaki Valley ... which interconnects the Benmore generators and rest of the South Island transmission grid, at 220 kV via tie-lines across the Benmore tailrace ... stations to ±350 kV HVDC for transmission to the North Island ...
... A number of professional sports teams are based in the South Island — with the major spectator sports of rugby union and cricket particularly well represented ... The Crusaders and Highlanders represent the upper and lower South Island respectively in rugby union's Super Rugby competition and Canterbury, Otago, Southland Stags, Tasman Makos all participate in ... At cricket, the South Island is represented by the Canterbury Wizards, Central Stags, and Otago Volts in the Plunket Shield, one day domestic series, and the HRV Twenty20 Cup ...
Famous quotes containing the words island and/or south:
“The island dreams under the dawn
And great boughs drop tranquillity;
The peahens dance on a smooth lawn,
A parrot sways upon a tree,
Raging at his own image in the enamelled sea.”
—William Butler Yeats (18651939)
“Up from the South at break of day,
Bringing to Winchester fresh dismay,
The affrighted air with a shudder bore,
Like a herald in haste, to the chieftains door,
The terrible grumble, and rumble, and roar,
Telling the battle was on once more,
And Sheridan twenty miles away.”
—Thomas Buchanan Read (18221872)