Sorbitol

Sorbitol, also known as glucitol, is a sugar alcohol, which the human body metabolizes slowly. It can be obtained by reduction of glucose, changing the aldehyde group to a hydroxyl group. Sorbitol is found in apples, pears, peaches, and prunes. It is synthesized by sorbitol-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, and converted to fructose by succinate dehydrogenase and sorbitol dehydrogenase. Succinate dehydrogenase is an enzyme complex that participates in the citric acid cycle.

Read more about Sorbitol:  Medical Importance, Adverse Medical Effects, Overdose Effects, Compendial Status

Other articles related to "sorbitol":

Sorbitol-6-phosphatase
... In enzymology, a sorbitol-6-phosphatase (EC 3.1.3.50) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction sorbitol 6-phosphate + H2O sorbitol + phosphate Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are sorbitol 6-pho ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is sorbitol-6-phosphate phosphohydrolase ... This enzyme is also called sorbitol-6-phosphate phosphatase ...
Aldose Reductase - Function
... The aldose reductase reaction, in particular the sorbitol produced, is important for the function of various organs in the body ... of fructose from glucose the second step is the oxidation of sorbitol to fructose catalyzed by sorbitol dehydrogenase. 6-phosphate and hydrolysis of the phosphate, but the sorbitol pathway is useful because it does not require the input of energy in the form of ATP Seminal vesicles Fructose produced from sorbitol is used by ...
Sorbitol-6-phosphate 2-dehydrogenase
... In enzymology, a sorbitol-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (EC 1.1.1.140) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction D-sorbitol 6-phosphate + NAD+ D-fructose 6-phosphate + NADH + H+ Thus ... systematic name of this enzyme class is D-sorbitol-6-phosphateNAD+ 2-oxidoreductase ... in common use include ketosephosphate reductase, ketosephosphate reductase, D-sorbitol 6-phosphate dehydrogenase, D-sorbitol-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, sorbitol-6-P-dehydr ...
Sorbitol Dehydrogenase - Structure
... The structure of human sorbitol dehydrogenase was determined through crystallization experiments and X-ray diffraction (with a resolution of 2.20 Å) ... Sorbitol dehydrogenase consists of four identical chains (A, B, C, D), each of which is 31% helical (14 helices) and 26% beta sheet (23 strands) ... Sorbitol dehydrogenase belongs to the oxidoreductase family, which means it helps catalyze oxidation reduction reactions ...
Sorbitan Tristearate
... Sorbitan tristearate is a mixture of the partial esters of sorbitol and its anhydrides with stearic acid ... It is produced by the esterification of sorbitol with commercial stearic acid derived from food fats and oils and consists of approximately 95% of a mixture of the esters of sorbitol and its mono ...