Social Psychology


Within the context of psychology, social psychology is the scientific study of how people's thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are influenced by the actual, imagined, or implied presence of others. By this definition, scientific refers to the empirical method of investigation. The terms thoughts, feelings, and behaviors include all psychological variables that are measurable in a human being. The statement that others' presence may be imagined or implied suggests that we are prone to social influence even when no other people are present, such as when watching television, or following internalized cultural norms.

Social psychologists typically explain human behavior as a result of the interaction of mental states and immediate social situations. In general, social psychologists have a preference for laboratory-based, empirical findings. Social psychology theories tend to be specific and focused, rather than global and general. Social psychology is an interdisciplinary domain that bridges the gap between psychology and sociology. During the years immediately following World War II, there was frequent collaboration between psychologists and sociologists. However, the two disciplines have become increasingly specialized and isolated from each other in recent years, with sociologists focusing on "macro variables" (e.g., social structure) to a much greater extent. Nevertheless, sociological approaches to social psychology remain an important counterpart to psychological research in this area.

In addition to the split between psychology and sociology, there has been a somewhat less pronounced difference in emphasis between American social psychologists and European social psychologists. As a broad generalization, American researchers traditionally have focused more on the individual, whereas Europeans have paid more attention to group level phenomena (see group dynamics).

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Other articles related to "social psychology, social, psychology":

Social Psychology - Research - Academic Journals
... Asian Journal of Social Psychology Basic and Applied Social Psychology British Journal of Social Psychology European Journal of Social Psychology ...
Shelly Chaiken - Research
... work involving attitude, persuasion, and social cognition ... Research in the 21st Century The Current State of Knowledge, and Dual-Process Theories in Social Psychology ... Dual-Process Theories in Social Psychology conglomerates the theories of informational processing in an organized way, along with reviews and research of these theories ...
Steven Fein
... Steven Fein is currently a Professor of Psychology in the Department of Psychology at Williams College in Williamstown, Massachusetts ... in social psychology ... influences, interpersonal processes, self/identity, self-affirmation theory and social cognition ...
Linda Skitka
... Skitka is a professor of psychology at the University of Illinois at Chicago ... Skitka's research bridges a number of areas of inquiry including social, political, and moral psychology ... papers in these areas for the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, Social ...
Language Intensity - References
... European Journal of Social Psychology, 3, 447–60 ... Language intensity, social introversion, and attitude change ... Journal of Language and Social Psychology, 25, 7–24 ...

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