Smut (fungus)

Smut (fungus)

The smuts are multicellular fungi, that are characterized by their large numbers of teliospores. The smuts get their name from a Germanic word for dirt because of their dark, thick-walled and dust-like teliospores. They are mostly Ustilaginomycetes (of the class Teliomycetae, subphylum Basidiomycota) and can cause plant disease. The smuts are grouped with the other basidiomycetes because of their commonalities concerning sexual reproduction.

Smuts are cereal and crop pathogens that most notably affect members of the grass family (Graminaceae). Economically important hosts include maize, barley, wheat, oats, sugarcane, and forage grasses. They eventually hijack the plants' reproductive systems, forming galls which darken and burst, releasing fungal teliospores which infect other plants nearby. Before infection can occur, the smuts need to undergo a successful mating to form dikaryotic hyphae (two haploid cells fuse to form a dikaryon).

Read more about Smut (fungus):  Sugarcane Smut, Corn Smut

Other articles related to "smut":

Smut (fungus) - Corn Smut
... Corn smut(Ustilago maydis) infects maize and is a delicacy in Mexico, where it was historically enjoyed by the Aztecs ... The smutis sold in the markets in Mexico while other parts of the world (including the United States) continue to reject it as an ingredient for food dishes ... The corn smutis currently referenced as huitlacoche to the Mexicans, and the Aztecs formerly called it cuitlacoche ...