Single-party State - Examples - Former Single-party States

Former Single-party States

  • Most states in Sub-Saharan Africa after independence, although all except Eritrea have eventually converted to a de jure multi-party system;
    • Angola (MPLA) 1975-1991
    • Benin (People's Revolutionary Party of Benin) 1975-1990
    • Burkina Faso (African Democratic Rally) 1960–1966
    • Burundi (Union for National Progress) 1966-1992
    • Cameroon (Cameroon National Union) 1966-1985, (Cameroon People's Democratic Movement) 1985-1990
    • Cape Verde (African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde) 1975-1981, (African Party for the Independence of Cape Verde) 1981-1990
    • Central African Republic (Movement for the Social Evolution of Black Africa) 1962-1980, (Central African Democratic Union) 1980-1981, (Central African Democratic Rally) 1987-1991
    • Chad (Chadian Progressive Party) 1962-1973, (National Movement for the Cultural and Social Revolution) 1973-1975, (National Union for Independence and Revolution) 1984-1990
    • Comoros (Comorian Union for Progress) 1982-1990
    • Congo-Brazzaville (Congolese Party of Labour) 1969-1990
    • Djibouti (People's Rally for Progress) 1977-1992
    • Equatorial Guinea (Worker's National United Party) 1970-1979, (Democratic Party of Equatorial Guinea) 1987-1991
    • Ethiopia (Workers' Party of Ethiopia) 1984-1991
    • Gabon (Gabonese Democratic Party) 1968-1990
    • Ghana (Convention People's Party) 1964-1966
    • Guinea (Democratic Party of Guinea – African Democratic Rally) 1958-1984
    • Guinea-Bissau (African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde) 1974-1991
    • Ivory Coast (Democratic Party of Côte d'Ivoire – African Democratic Rally) 1960–1990
    • Kenya (Kenya African National Union) 1982-1991
    • Liberia (True Whig Party) 1878-1980
    • Madagascar (National Front for the Defense of the Revolution) 1976-1989
    • Malawi (Malawi Congress Party) 1964-1993
    • Mali (Sudanese Union – African Democratic Rally) 1960-1968, (Democratic Union of the Malian People) 1976-1991
    • Mauritania (Mauritanian People's Party) 1961-1978
    • Mozambique (FRELIMO) 1975-1990
    • Niger (Nigerien Progressive Party – African Democratic Rally) 1960-1974, (National Movement for the Development of Society) 1989-1991
    • Rwanda (Parmehutu) 1965-1973, (National Republican Movement for Democracy and Development) 1975-1991
    • São Tomé and Príncipe (Movement for the Liberation of São Tomé and Príncipe/Social Democratic Party) 1975-1990
    • Senegal (Socialist Party of Senegal) 1966-1974
    • Seychelles (Seychelles People's Progressive Front) 1977-1991
    • Sierra Leone (All People's Congress) 1978-1991
    • Somalia Somalia (Somali Revolutionary Socialist Party) 1976-1991
    • Sudan (Sudanese Socialist Union) 1971-1985, (National Congress Party) 1989-2005
    • Tanzania (Chama cha Mapinduzi) 1977-1992
      • Tanganyika (Tanganyika African National Union) 1961-1977
      • Zanzibar (Afro-Shirazi Party) 1964-1977
    • Togo (Party of Togolese Unity) 1962-1963, (Rally of the Togolese People) 1969-1991
    • Uganda (Uganda People's Congress) 1969-1971
    • Zaire (Popular Movement of the Revolution) 1970–1990
    • Zambia (United National Independence Party) 1972-1990
  • Some Middle Eastern and North African states;
    • Algeria (National Liberation Front) 1962-1989
    • Egypt (National Union) 1956-1958 and 1961-1962, (Arab Socialist Union) 1962-1976
    • Iran (Rastakhiz Party) 1975-1978, (Islamic Republican Party) 1981-1987
    • Iraq (Iraqi Arab Socialist Union) 1964-1968, (Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party of Iraq led the National Progressive Front) 1968-2003
    • Libya (Arab Socialist Union) 1971-1977
    • South Yemen (Yemeni Socialist Party) 1978-1990
    • Syria (Arab Liberation Movement) 1953-1954, (Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party of Syria led the National Progressive Front) 1963-2012
    • Tunisia (Neo Destour) 1963-1964, (Socialist Destourian Party) 1964-1981
    • Turkey (Republican People’s Party) 1923-1946
    • United Arab Republic (National Union) 1958-1961
  • One state in South Asia;
    • Bangladesh (Bangladesh Krishak Sramik Awami League)1974-1975
  • One state in Southeast Asia;
    • Burma (now known as Myanmar) (Burma Socialist Programme Party) 1964-1988
  • The former Soviet Union, Warsaw Pact, and other Communist states;
    • Afghanistan (People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan) 1978-1992
    • Albania (Party of Labour of Albania) 1944-1991
    • Bulgaria (Bulgarian Communist Party) 1946-1990
    • Cambodia (Communist Party of Kampuchea) 1976-1979, (Kampuchean People's Revolutionary Party) 1979-1991
    • Czechoslovakia (Communist Party of Czechoslovakia led the National Front) 1948-1989
    • East Germany (Socialist Unity Party of Germany led the National Front) 1949-1989
    • Grenada (New Jewel Movement) 1979-1983
    • Hungary (Hungarian Working People's Party) 1948-1956, (Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party) 1956-1989
    • Mongolia (Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party) 1921-1990
    • North Vietnam (Workers' Party of Vietnam) 1945-1976
    • Poland (Polish United Workers' Party led the Patriotic Movement for National Rebirth) 1948-1989
    • Romania (Romanian Communist Party) 1947-1989
    • Soviet Union (Communist Party of the Soviet Union) 1922-1991
    • Yugoslavia (League of Communists of Yugoslavia) 1945-1990
  • Several nationalist states;
    • Austria (Fatherland's Front) 1934-1938
    • Republic of China (Kuomintang) 1928-1987
    • Croatia (Ustaše) 1941-1945
    • Dominican Republic (Dominican Party) 1931-1961
    • Germany (Nazi Party) 1933-1945
    • Hungary (Arrow Cross Party) 1944-1945
    • Italy (National Fascist Party) 1922-1943, (Republican Fascist Party) 1943-1945
    • Japan (Imperial Rule Assistance Association) 1940-1945
    • Manchukuo (Concordia Association) 1932-1945
    • Norway (National Gathering) 1942-1945
    • Paraguay (Colorado Party) 1947-1962
    • Philippines (KALIBAPI) 1943-1945
    • Portugal (National Union) 1933-45, 1948–1974
    • Kingdom of Romania (National Renaissance Front) 1938-1940, (Iron Guard) 1940-1941
    • San Marino (Sammarinese Fascist Party) 1926-1943, (Republican Fascio of San Marino) 1944
    • Slovakia (Slovak People's Party) 1939-1945
    • Spain (Spanish Patriotic Union) 1923-1930, (National Movement) 1939-1975

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