The Silk Road (from German: Seidenstraße) or Silk Route is a modern term referring to a historical network of interlinking trade routes across the Afro-Eurasian landmass that connected East, South, and Western Asia with the Mediterranean and European world, as well as parts of North and East Africa. Extending 4,000 miles (6,500 km), the Silk Road gets its name from the lucrative Chinese silk trade along it, which began during the Han Dynasty (206 BC – 220 AD). The central Asian sections of the trade routes were expanded around 114 BC by the Han dynasty, largely through the missions and explorations of Zhang Qian, but earlier trade routes across the continents already existed.
Trade on the Silk Road was a significant factor in the development of the civilizations of China, India, Persia, Europe and Arabia. Though silk was certainly the major trade item from China, many other goods were traded, and various technologies, religions and philosophies, as well as the bubonic plague (the "Black Death"), also traveled along the Silk Routes.
The main traders during Antiquity were the Indian and Bactrian traders, then from the 5th to the 8th century AD the Sogdian traders, then afterward the Arab and Persian traders.
... ancient capital of the Parthians, and it grew on the ruins of the Silk Road city of Konjikala, which was first mentioned as a wine-producing village in the 2nd century BCE and was leveled by an earthquake in the ... Konjikala was rebuilt because of its advantageous location on the Silk Road, and it flourished until its destruction by Mongols in the 13th century CE ... The city is most noted for its central position on the Silk Road between China and the West, and for being an Islamic centre for scholarly study ...
... Silk Road of Love (simplified Chinese 丝路 traditional Chinese 絲路) is Malaysian Chinese Mandopop artist Fish Leong's (Chinese 梁靜茹) seventh Mandarin studio album ... The track "絲路" (Silk Road) was nominated for Top 10 Gold Songs at the Hong Kong TVB8 Awards, presented by television station TVB8, in 2005 ...
... the Brentano Quartet, Yo Yo Ma and the Silk Road Project, Carnegie Hall, the Marilyn Horne Foundation, guitarist Manuel Barrueco with the Cuarteto Latinoamericano, the King's Singers ... Gabriela Lena Frank is a member of the Silk Road Ensemble under the direction of cellist Yo Yo Ma ... Her composition Ritmos Anchinos appears on the Silk Road Ensemble's album Off the Map (World Village In a Circle Records, 2009) ...
... The transmission of Buddhism to China via the Silk Road began in the 1st century AD, according to a semi-legendary account of an ambassador sent to the West by the Chinese Emperor Ming (58–75 AD) ... result of the spread of Buddhism along the Silk Road was displacement and conflict ... the new middle men for trade in a period when the Romans were major customers for silk ...
... Woetzel works with Yo-Yo Ma on his Silk Road Connect program in the New York City Public Schools ... of Natural History, and featured the participation of the Silk Road Ensemble and 450 6th grade students ... hundreds of 6th grade students from New York-area public schools, Ma with his Silk Road Ensemble, vocalist Bobby McFerrin, the soprano Emalie Savoy, actor Bill Irwin, and author Jhumpa Lahiri, among others ...
Famous quotes containing the words road and/or silk:
“O Russia! O my wife! Our long and narrow Road lies clear though distressed.
Our road with an old Tatar freedoms arrow Has deeply pierced our breast.”
—Alexander Blok (18801921)
“Like a skein of loose silk blown against a wall
She walks by the railing of a path in Kensington Gardens,
And she is dying piecemeal
of a sort of emotional anemia.”
—Ezra Pound (18851972)