Sikhi

Sikhi

Sikhism, or commonly known as Sikhi, ( /ˈsiːkɨzəm/ or /ˈsɪkɨzəm/; Punjabi: ਸਿੱਖੀ, sikkhī, ) is a monotheistic religion founded during the 15th century in the Punjab region, by Guru Nanak which continued to progress with ten successive Sikh gurus (the last teaching being the holy scripture Guru Granth Sahib). It is the fifth-largest organized religion in the world, with approximately 30 million Sikhs. This system of religious philosophy and expression has been traditionally known as the Gurmat (literally 'wisdom of the Gurū'). Punjab, India is the only region in the world with a majority Sikh population.

Sikhs are expected to embody the qualities of a "Sant-Sipāhī"—a saint-soldier. One must have control over one's internal vices and be able to be constantly immersed in virtues clarified in the Guru Granth Sahib.

The principal beliefs of Sikhi are faith in Waheguru—represented by the phrase ik ōaṅkār, meaning one God, who prevails in everything, along with a praxis in which the Sikh is enjoined to engage in social reform through the pursuit of justice for all human beings. Sikhi teaches that God is Akal Purakh (eternal) and advocates the pursuit of salvation in a social context through the congregational practice of meditation on the name and message of God. The followers of Sikhi are ordained to follow the teachings of the ten Sikh gurus, or enlightened leaders, as well as the holy scripture entitled the Gurū Granth Sāhib Ji, which, along with the writings of six of the ten Sikh Gurus, includes selected works of many devotees from diverse socio-economic and religious backgrounds. Guru Gobind Singh Ji, the tenth guru, conferred the leadership of the Sikh community to the Gurū Granth Sāhib and the corporate body of the Khālsā Panth (the Granth and the Panth). Sikhi's traditions and teachings are associated with the history, society and culture of Punjab. Adherents of Sikhī are known as Sikhs (students or disciples) and number over 30 million across the world.

Most Sikhs live in Punjab, India, although there is a significant Sikh diaspora. Until the Partition of India with the division of Punjab and the subsequent independence of Pakistan and later India, millions of Sikhs lived in what is now Pakistani Punjab.

Read more about Sikhi:  Philosophy and Teachings, Ten Gurus and Religious Authority, History, Scripture, Observances, Sikh People, Prohibitions in Sikhism, See Also

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Sikhism
... The principal beliefs of Sikhi are faith in Waheguru—represented by the phrase ik ōaṅkār, meaning one God, along with a praxis in which the Sikh ... Sikhi advocates the pursuit of salvation in a social context through the congregational practice of meditation on the name and message of God ... The followers of Sikhi are ordained to follow the teachings of the ten Sikh gurus, or enlightened leaders, as well as the holy scripture entitled the Gurū Granth Sāhib Ji, which ...
Sikhism - Philosophy and Teachings
... The origins of Sikhi lie in the teachings of Guru Nanak and his successors ... Sikhi is a monotheistic and a revealed religion ... In Sikhi, God—termed Vāhigurū—is shapeless, timeless, and sightless (i.e ...
Guru Angad Dev - Community Work
... religious places and centres established by Guru Nanak Ji for the preaching of Sikhi ... He also established hundreds of new centres of Sikhi and thus strengthened its base ... the infrastructure of Sikh society was strengthened and crystallised – from being an infant, Sikhi had moved to being a young child, ready to face the dangers that were around ...
Sikhism - Ten Gurus and Religious Authority
... The traditions and philosophy of Sikhi were established by ten specific gurus from 1469 to 1708 ... Later, an important phase in the development of Sikhi came with the third successor, Guru Amar Das ... serves as the supreme decision-making centre of Sikhi and sits opposite the Darbar Sahib ...