Shtokavian or Štokavian ( /ʃtɒˈkɑːviən/; Serbo-Croatian: štokavski ~ штокавски) is the prestige dialect of the pluricentric Serbo-Croatian language, and the basis of its Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian, and Montenegrin standards. It is a part of the South Slavic dialect continuum. Its name comes from the form for the interrogatory pronoun for "what" which is western štokavian što and eastern štokavian šta in the Štokavian dialects system. This is in contrast to the Kajkavian and Čakavian dialects (kaj and ča also meaning "what").
Štokavian is spoken in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the major part of Croatia, and the southern part of Austria’s Burgenland. The primary subdivisions of Štokavian are based on two principles: one is whether the subdialect is Old-Štokavian or Neo-Štokavian, and different accents according to the way the old Slavic phoneme jat has changed. Modern dialectology generally recognises seven Štokavian subdialects.
Read more about Shtokavian Dialect: Early History of Štokavian, Relationship Towards Neighboring Dialects, General Characteristics, The Yat Reflexes, Ethnic Affiliation of Native Speakers of Štokavian Dialect, Earliest Texts of Štokavian Dialect, Standard Language
Other articles related to "dialect, dialects, shtokavian, shtokavian dialect":
... See also South Slavic dialect continuum The primary dialects are named after the most common question word for what Shtokavian uses the pronoun što or šta, Chakavian uses ča or ca, Kajkavian (kaj ... standard variants are based on the Eastern Hercegovinian subdialect of Neo-Shtokavian, the other dialects not taught in schools or used by the state media ... Often the Torlakian dialect is added to the list, though scholars nowadays usually classify it as a transitional dialect between Shtokavian and the Bulgaro-Macedonian dialects The Serbo-Croatian dialects ...
... standard language are all based on Neo-Štokavian dialect ... mutual differences, have been stylised in such manners that parts of the Neo-Štokavian dialect have been retained—for instance, declension—but other features were purposely ... In other periods, Čakavian and Kajkavian dialects, as well as hybrid Čakavian–Kajkavian–Štokavian interdialect "contended" for the Croatian national koine – but eventually lost, mainly due to ...
Famous quotes containing the word dialect:
“The eyes of men converse as much as their tongues, with the advantage that the ocular dialect needs no dictionary, but is understood all the world over.”
—Ralph Waldo Emerson (18031882)