Sheriffs In The United States
In the United States, a sheriff is a county official and is typically the top law enforcement officer of a county. Historically, the sheriff was also commander of the militia in that county. Distinctive to law enforcement in the United States, sheriffs are usually elected. The political election of a person to serve as a police leader is an almost uniquely American tradition. (The Honorary Police of Jersey, a British Crown Dependency in the Channel Islands, have been elected since at least the 16th century.)
The law enforcement agency headed by a sheriff is typically referred to as a sheriff's office. According to the National Sheriffs' Association (an American sheriff's advocacy group founded in 1940), there were 3,085 sheriff's offices and departments as of the end of 2008. These range in size from very small (one- or two-member) forces in sparsely populated rural areas to large, full-service law enforcement agencies, such as the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department, which is the largest sheriff's office and the seventh largest law enforcement agency in the United States, with 16,400 members and 400 reserve deputies. The average sheriff's department in the United States employs 24.5 sworn officers.
Of the 50 U.S. states, 48 have sheriffs. The two that do not are Alaska (which has no counties), and Connecticut (which has no county governments and has state marshals instead of sheriffs)
Sheriffs are elected to four-year terms in 41 states, two-year terms in three states, a three-year term in one state (New Jersey) and a six-year term in one state (Massachusetts).
In many rural areas of the United States, particularly in the South, the sheriff has traditionally been viewed as one of a given county's most influential political office-holders.
Law enforcement officers working for an agency headed by a sheriff are typically titled sheriff's deputy, deputy sheriff, sheriff's police, or sheriff's officer, and are so-titled because they are deputized by the sheriff and charged with performing all the duties prescribed to the sheriff by that state's law. In some states a sheriff may not be a sworn peace officer, but merely an elected civilian official lacking police powers who oversees the department and its sworn peace officers. Law enforcement officers working for such departments may be subdivided, sometimes titled general deputy and special deputy.
In some areas of the country, such as in California's San Bernardino, Riverside, Orange, and Ventura counties, the sheriff's office also has the responsibility of a coroner's office, and is charged with recovering deceased persons within their county and conducting autopsies. The official in charge of such sheriff's departments is typically titled sheriff-coroner or sheriff/coroner, and officers who perform this function for such departments are typically titled deputy sheriff-coroner or deputy coroner. The second-in-command of a sheriff's department is sometimes called an undersheriff or chief deputy, akin to the deputy chief of police position of a municipal police department. In some counties, the undersheriff is the warden of the county jail.
Other articles related to "united, united states, the united states, state, sheriffs in the united states, sheriff":
... Congress declares war on the United Kingdom. 1953 – A United States Air Force C-124 crashes and burns near Tokyo, Japan killing 129. 1965 – Vietnam War The United States uses B-52 bombers to attack National Liberation Front guerrilla fighters in South Vietnam ...
... In the 21st century, worldwide anti-war movements occurred ever since the United States declared wars in Afghanistan and Iraq ... occurred in cities in Europe, Asia, and all over the United States ... like Stop the War Coalition, based in the United Kingdom, work on campaigning against the War ...
... Sultanate of Oman (Arabic سلطنة عُمان Salṭanat ʻUmān), is an Arab state in southwest Asia on the southeast coast of the Arabian Peninsula ... It is bordered by the United Arab Emirates (UAE) to the northwest, Saudi Arabia to the west, and Yemen to the southwest ... declined, the sultanate came under heavy influence from the United Kingdom, though Oman was never formally part of the British Empire, or a British protectorate ...
... The Thirtieth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and ... was based on the Sixth Census of the United States in 1840 ...
... High Sheriff Police memorabilia collecting Sharif, an Arab office sometimes anglicised as "Sheriff" Schultheiß, the equivalent German mediæval office Constable Marshal Viscount ...
Famous quotes containing the words united states, states, sheriffs and/or united:
“In no other country in the world is the love of property keener or more alert than in the United States, and nowhere else does the majority display less inclination toward doctrines which in any way threaten the way property is owned.”
—Alexis de Tocqueville (18051859)
“An ... important antidote to American democracy is American gerontocracy. The positions of eminence and authority in Congress are allotted in accordance with length of service, regardless of quality. Superficial observers have long criticized the United States for making a fetish of youth. This is unfair. Uniquely among modern organs of public and private administration, its national legislature rewards senility.”
—John Kenneth Galbraith (b. 1908)
“He is a poor man and has got behind-hand and when thats the case, there is no staying in the settlements; for those varmints, the sheriffs and constables, are worse than the Indians, because you can kill Indians and you dare not kill the sheriffs.”
—For the State of West Virginia, U.S. public relief program (1935-1943)
“The heroes of the world community are not those who withdraw when difficulties ensue, not those who can envision neither the prospect of success nor the consequence of failurebut those who stand the heat of battle, the fight for world peace through the United Nations.”
—Hubert H. Humphrey (19111978)