Selective Breeding

Selective breeding is the process of breeding plants and animals for particular traits. Typically, strains that are selectively bred are domesticated, and the breeding is sometimes done by a professional breeder. Bred animals are known as breeds, while bred plants are known as varieties, cultigens, or cultivars. The cross of animals results in what is called a crossbreed, and crossbred plants are called hybrids. The term selective breeding is synonymous with artificial selection.

In animal breeding techniques such as inbreeding, linebreeding, and outcrossing are utilized. In plant breeding, similar methods are used. Charles Darwin discussed how selective breeding had been successful in producing change over time in his book, Origin of Species. The first chapter of the book discusses selective breeding and domestication of such animals as pigeons, cats, cattle, and dogs. Selective breeding was used by Darwin as a springboard to introduce the theory of natural selection, and to support it.

Read more about Selective BreedingAnimal Breeding, Plant Breeding, Selective Breeding in Aquaculture

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... Most of the puppies are bred from Guiding Eye’s own breeding colony located in Patterson New York ... They select dogs for breeding ... Guiding Eyes for the Blind began their breeding program in 1966 ...
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... popular consciousness, but there is no hard evidence that anything other than selective breeding and enhanced growing techniques are behind the change ... as attempting to emphasize desirable traits by the practice of selective breeding is standard practice across many areas of farming, including the production of cannabis ... "genetic modification" is used by people who do not understand that selective breeding is not the same as genetic engineering ...
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... that capability for speed is enhanced in an already swift animal by raising muscle mass, a form of selective breeding that has created animals designed to win horse races ... have selectively bred for speeds that the anatomy of the horse cannot always cope with." Poor breeding may be encouraged by the fact that many horses are sent to the breeding shed following an ...
Selective Breeding in Aquaculture - Aquatic Species Versus Terrestrial Livestock
... Selective breeding programs for aquatic species provide better outcomes compared to terrestrial livestock ... Selective breeding in aquaculture provide remarkable economic benefits to the industry, the primary one being that it reduces production costs due to faster ...
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... Depending on the breeding goal, one or more of the following characteristics may be emphasized Gentleness or excitability Resistance to various diseases including tracheal mite and Varroa ...

Famous quotes containing the words breeding and/or selective:

    The test of a man’s or woman’s breeding is how they behave in a quarrel. Anybody can behave well when things are going smoothly.
    George Bernard Shaw (1856–1950)

    The selective memory isn’t selective enough.
    Blake Morrison (b. 1950)