Seafood

Seafood is any form of sea life regarded as food by humans. Seafood prominently includes fish and shellfish. Shellfish include various species of molluscs, crustaceans, and echinoderms. Historically, sea mammals such as whales and dophins have been consumed as food, though that happens to a lesser extent these days. Edible sea plants, such as some seaweeds and microalgae, are widely eaten as seafood around the world, especially in Asia (see the category of sea vegetables). In North America, although not generally in the United Kingdom, the term "seafood" is extended to fresh water organisms eaten by humans, so all edible aquatic life may be referred to as seafood. For the sake of completeness, this article includes all edible aquatic life.

The harvesting of wild seafood is known as fishing and the cultivation and farming of seafood is known as aquaculture, mariculture, or in the case of fish, fish farming. Seafood is often distinguished from meat, although it is still animal and is excluded in a strict vegetarian diet. Seafood is an important source of protein in many diets around the world, especially in coastal areas.

Most of the seafood harvest is consumed by humans, but a significant proportion is used as fish food to farm other fish or rear farm animal. Some seafoods (kelp) are used as food for other plants (fertilizer). In these ways, seafoods are indirectly used to produce further food for human consumption. Products, such as fish oil and spirulina tablets are also extracted from seafoods. Some seafood is feed to aquarium fish, or used to feed domestic pets, such as cats, and a small proportion is used in medicine, or is used industrially for non-food purposes (leather).

Read more about Seafood:  History, Types of Seafood, Processing, Consumption, Health Benefits, Health Hazards, Sustainability, In Religion

Other articles related to "seafood":

Seafood Choices Alliance - Seafood Champions Awards
... The Seafood Champion Awards were started in 2006 to annually recognize individuals and companies for outstanding leadership in promoting environmentally responsible seafood ... Seafood Choices Alliance established the award to honor those in the seafood industry whose past and/or present contributions demonstrate a commitment to innovation that leads to change ... Seafood Champions 2011 Robert Clark and Harry Kambolis (C Restaurant) Phil Gibson (Safeway) Dune Lankard (Eyak Preservation Council/Copper River Wild Salmon Company) Steve Phillips (Phillips Foods) Olivier ...
Seafood Choices Alliance - Publications and Market Research
... Seafood Choices Alliance has published professional buyer's guides for the North American, British and French-speaking European markets ... Seafood Choices also publishes the "Marketplace for Sustainable Seafood" series, which includes benchmark market research on segments of the seafood value chain and all of the latest government, NGO, and ...
Seafood Choices Alliance
... The Seafood Choices Alliance is a program of the nonprofit ocean conservation organization, SeaWeb ... elements and diverse approaches in a growing "seafood choices" movement in the United States and expanded into Europe in 2005 ... Seafood Choices Alliance works to promote sustainable seafood and to make the seafood industry socially, environmentally and economically sustainable ...
Seafood - In Religion
... In Islam, the Shafi'i, Maliki and Hanbali schools allow the eating of shellfish, while the Hanafi school does not allow it in Sunni Islam ... Nor does the Shi'ite school (Ja'fari) allow it ...
Sea Turtle Restoration Project - Programs - Got Mercury?
... its Got Mercury? program to educate the public about mercury levels in seafood and to take action to reduce the public's exposure to methylmercury in seafood ... Got Mercury? developed a free online mercury in seafood calculator that allows individuals to use the Environmental Protection Agency’s calculations to estimate average mercury exposure ...