Saratoga Campaign

The Saratoga Campaign in 1777 was an attempt by the British high command for North America to gain military control of the strategically important Hudson River valley during the American Revolutionary War. The primary thrust of the campaign was planned and initiated by General John Burgoyne. Commanding a main force of some 8,000 men, he moved south in June from Quebec, boated up Lake Champlain to middle New York, then marched over the divide and down the Hudson Valley to Saratoga. There, he engaged the American defenders with mixed initial results; then, after the climactic Battles of Saratoga in September and October he was obliged to surrender his forces to the American General Horatio Gates.

Burgoyne's effort was unsuccessfully supported by Colonel Barry St. Leger's attempt to move on Albany, New York through the Mohawk River valley. His expedition was forced to retreat after losing Indian support in the siege of Fort Stanwix. A third supporting expedition expected by General Burgoyne never materialized (apparently due to miscommunication on that year's campaign goals) when General William Howe sent his army to take Philadelphia rather than sending a portion of it up the Hudson River from New York City. A late effort to support Burgoyne from New York was made by Sir Henry Clinton in early October, but it did not significantly affect the outcome.

The American victory was an enormous morale boost to the fledgling nation, and it convinced France to enter the conflict in support of the United States, openly providing money, soldiers, and naval support, as well as a wider theater of war.

Read more about Saratoga CampaignBritish Strategy, American Strategy, International Interest, Campaign Begins, Ticonderoga Falls, Reaction and Delay, St. Leger's Expedition, Mounting Difficulties, American Change of Fortune, Saratoga, Surrender, Aftermath, Consequences, Remembrances

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John Burgoyne - Saratoga Campaign - Convention Army
... Following Saratoga, the indignation in Britain against Burgoyne was great ... over the years shifted responsibility for the disaster at Saratoga to Lord Germain, the Secretary of State for the Colonies ... Germain had overseen the overall strategy for the campaign and had significantly neglected to order General Howe to support Burgoyne's invasion, instead leaving him to believe that he was ...
Saratoga Campaign - Remembrances
... Most of the battlefields of the campaign have been preserved in some way, usually as state or national parks, but also as historic sites under state or federal control ... of Benedict Arnold's contributions to the American success of the campaign are particularly noteworthy ... The obelisk at Saratoga National Historical Park has, on three of its four sides, alcoves bearing statues of three generals instrumental in the success at Saratoga Gates, Schuyler, and Morgan ...
American Revolutionary War - War in The North, 1775–1780 - Saratoga and Philadelphia - Saratoga Campaign
... The first of the 1777 campaigns was an expedition from Quebec led by General John Burgoyne ... about 10 miles (16 km) south of Saratoga, New York ... Burgoyne tried to outflank the Americans but was checked at the first battle of Saratoga in September ...
Frederika Charlotte Riedesel - The American Revolution - Saratoga Campaign
... permission to accompany the army South, on General John Burgoyne's campaign to capture Albany ... in mud the Baroness took refuge near Saratoga, present day Schuylerville, in what is now known as the Marshall House, a large wooden structure where yet is preserved ... structure in the area predating the Battles of Saratoga ...

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