Sand River Convention

The Sand River Convention was a convention whereby Great Britain formally recognised the independence of the Transvaal Boer republic that had been established beyond the Vaal River. In return, the Boers promised that slavery would be outlawed in the Transvaal and that they would not interfere in the Orange River Sovereignty's affairs. The convention was signed on 17 January 1852 by Andries Pretorius (for the Boers) and William Hogge and Mostyn Owen (for Great Britain) in a marquee on the banks of the Sand River near Ventersburg.

One of the causes of the First Boer War was the breach by the British of this convention on 12 April 1877.

Read more about Sand River ConventionSee Also

Famous quotes containing the words convention, sand and/or river:

    Mankind owes to the child the best it has to give.
    —United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, 1989.

    But the twelve lie in the sand by the dry rock
    Seeing nothing—the sand, the tree, rocks
    Without number—and turn away the face
    To the mind’s briefer and more desert place.
    Allen Tate (1899–1979)

    A reaction: a boat which is going against the current but which does not prevent the river from flowing on.
    Victor Hugo (1802–1885)