San Marino

San Marino, officially the Republic of San Marino (i/sæn məˈriːnoʊ/ san-mə-REE-noh; Italian: Repubblica di San Marino) and also known as the Most Serene Republic of San Marino (Italian: Serenissima Repubblica di San Marino), is an enclaved microstate surrounded by Italy, situated on the Italian Peninsula on the north-eastern side of the Apennine Mountains. Its size is just over 61 km2 (24 sq mi) with an estimated population of over 30,000. Its capital is the City of San Marino. San Marino has the smallest population of all the members of the Council of Europe.

San Marino claims to be the oldest surviving sovereign state and constitutional republic in the world, as the continuation of the monastic community founded on 3 September 301, by stonecutter Marinus of Rab. Legend has it that Marinus left Rab, then the Roman colony of Arba, in 257 when the future emperor, Diocletian, issued a decree calling for the reconstruction of the city walls of Rimini, which had been destroyed by Liburnian pirates.

The constitution of San Marino, enacted in 1600, is considered by some to be the world's oldest written constitution still in effect. However, San Marino has no formal constitution, but instead is governed by the Leges Statutae Republicae Sancti Marini, a series of six books, written in Latin in the late 16th Century that dictates the country’s political system, among other matters.

The country's economy mainly relies on finance, industry, services and tourism. It is one of the wealthiest countries in the world in terms of GDP (per capita), with a figure comparable to some of the more developed Italian regions, such as Lombardy and Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol. San Marino is considered to have a highly stable economy, with one of the lowest unemployment rates in Europe, no national debt and a budget surplus.

Read more about San Marino:  History, Geography, Governance, Economy, Demographics, Transport, Culture

Other articles related to "san marino, san":

Sammarinese Parliamentary Election, 2008 - Coalitions and Parties - Pact For San Marino
... Christian Democratic Party (Partito Democratico Cristiano Sammarinese) Euro-Populars for San Marino (Europopolari per San Marino) Arengo and Freedom (Arengo e Libertà) Popular Alliance (Alleanza Popolare ...
List Of National Founders - Europe - San Marino
... Saint Marinus was the founder of the world's oldest surviving republic, San Marino, in 301 ... Tradition holds that he was a stonemason by trade who came from the island of Rab on the other side of the Adriatic Sea (modern Croatia), fleeing persecution for his Christian beliefs in the Diocletianic Persecution ...
San Marino, California - Notable Residents
... pitcher Los Angeles Dodgers, Pittsburgh Pirates, San Francisco Giants Pat Haden, Athletic Director of USC and former Pro quarterback for the Los Angeles Rams ...
List Of Countries Without An Airport
4 San Marino There are no airports in San Marino but only one heliport and a small airfield with a 680m grass runway ... The nearest airport to San Marino is Rimini's Federico Fellini Airport in Italy ...
San Marino RTV (TV Channel)
... SMtv San Marino is the television station of SMtv San Marino, the national public service broadcaster of San Marino ... Offer also a Teletext service called San Marino Video ... SMtv San Marino is also responsible for the Sammarinese participation in the Eurovision Song Contest ...

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