Samuel Adams (September 27 1722 – October 2, 1803) was an American statesman, political philosopher, and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. As a politician in colonial Massachusetts, Adams was a leader of the movement that became the American Revolution, and was one of the architects of the principles of American republicanism that shaped the political culture of the United States. He was a second cousin to President John Adams.
Born in Boston, Adams was brought up in a religious and politically active family. A graduate of Harvard College, he was an unsuccessful businessman and tax collector before concentrating on politics. As an influential official of the Massachusetts House of Representatives and the Boston Town Meeting in the 1760s, Adams was a part of a movement opposed to the British Parliament's efforts to tax the British American colonies without their consent. His 1768 circular letter calling for colonial cooperation prompted the occupation of Boston by British soldiers, eventually resulting in the Boston Massacre of 1770. To help coordinate resistance to what he saw as the British government's attempts to violate the British Constitution at the expense of the colonies, in 1772 Adams and his colleagues devised a committee of correspondence system, which linked like-minded Patriots throughout the Thirteen Colonies. Continued resistance to British policy resulted in the 1773 Boston Tea Party and the coming of the American Revolution.
After Parliament passed the Coercive Acts in 1774, Adams attended the Continental Congress in Philadelphia, which was convened to coordinate a colonial response. He helped guide Congress towards issuing the Declaration of Independence in 1776, and helped draft the Articles of Confederation and the Massachusetts Constitution. Adams returned to Massachusetts after the American Revolution, where he served in the state senate and was eventually elected governor.
Samuel Adams is a controversial figure in American history. Accounts written in the 19th century praised him as someone who had been steering his fellow colonists towards independence long before the outbreak of the Revolutionary War. This view gave way to negative assessments of Adams in the first half of the 20th century, in which he was portrayed as a master of propaganda who provoked mob violence to achieve his goals. Both of these interpretations have been challenged by some modern scholars, who argue that these traditional depictions of Adams are myths contradicted by the historical record.
Other articles related to "samuel adams, adams, samuel":
... Samuel Adams's Triple Bock was an extreme, experimental beer produced by Samuel Adams, released in 1994, 1995, and 1997 only ... Triple Bock was a "forerunner" of later extreme beers from Samuel Adams — Millennium (21% ABV released in 1999 only), and Utopias (24–26% ABV first released in 2002) ...
... The assembly's response, authored by John Adams, Samuel Adams, and Joseph Hawley, countered that the colonial chartered granted autonomy ... that he was not "at liberty to make the letters public." The letters came into the hands of Samuel Adams, then serving as the clerk of the Massachusetts assembly, who engineered ... of what Hutchinson wrote in the letters was not particularly new, Samuel Adams masterfully manipulated the contents and implications of some of the statements by Hutchinson and Oliver to suggest they were conspiring ...
... Samuel Adams is a controversial figure in American history ... Adams's contemporaries, both friends and foes, regarded him as one of the foremost leaders of the American Revolution ... Thomas Jefferson, for example, characterized Adams as "truly the Man of the Revolution." Leaders in other colonies were compared to him Cornelius Harnett was called the "Sam ...
... Hancock and Samuel Adams then look on while the official is tarred and feathered, to the disapproval of John Adams ... According to Samuel Adams biographer Ira Stoll, there's no evidence that Samuel Adams and John Hancock, who were opposed to mob violence, were ever present at a tarring and ... fiction." According to Stern, the scene is used to highlight a schism between Samuel and John Adams, which is entirely fictional ...
... Samuel A ... Adams (1934–1988), CIA analyst Sam Adams (explorer) (1828–1915), initial surveyor of American West Soren Sorensen Adams (1879–1963), known as Sam, inventor of the Joy Buzzer and ... Adams (1937–2006), economic geologist ...
Famous quotes containing the words adams and/or samuel:
“All stars stand close in summer air
And tremble, and look mild as amber;
When wicks are lighted in the chamber
You might say stars were settling there.”
—Léonie Adams (18991988)
“He had a son whose name was Saul, a handsome young man. There was not a man among the people of Israel more handsome than he; he stood head and shoulders above everyone else.”
—Bible: Hebrew, 1 Samuel 9:2.