Sambuca (instrument) - Other Instruments

Other Instruments

During the Middle Ages the word "sambuca" was applied to:

  1. a stringed instrument, about which little can be discovered
  2. a wind instrument made from the wood of the elder tree (sambūcus).

In an old glossary article on vloyt (flute), the sambuca is said to be a kind of flute:

Sambuca vel sambucus est quaedam arbor parva et mollis, unde haec sambuca est quaedam species symphoniae qui fit de illa arbore. sambuca (Latin singular sambucus) are soft and pliant trees, and from the sambucus is named one of the symphonia family of instruments, which is made from these trees.

Isidore of Seville describes it in his Etymologiae as:

Sambuca in musicis species est symphoniarum. Est enim genus ligni fragilis unde et tibiae componuntur. The sambuca is in the symphonia family of musical instruments. It is also a kind of softwood from which these pipes are made.

In a glossary by Papias of Lombardy (c. 1053), first printed at Milan in 1476, the sambuca is described as a cithara, which in that century was generally glossed "harp":

Sambuca, cytherae rusticae. Sambucas, simple harps.

In Tristan und Isolde (bars 7563-72) when the knight is enumerating to King Marke all the instruments upon which he can play, the sambiut is the last mentioned:

Waz ist daz, lieber mann?
— Daz veste Seitspiel daz ich kann. What is this now, you free man?
— I'ts the Seitspiel, yes, I can.

A Latin–French glossary has the equivalence Psalterium = sambue. During the later Middle Ages sambuca was often translated "sackbut" in the vocabularies, whether merely from the phonetic similarity of the two words has not yet been established.

The great Boulogne Psalter (11th Century) contains many fanciful instruments which are evidently intended to illustrate the equally vague and fanciful descriptions of instruments in the apocryphal letter of Saint Jerome, ad Dardanum ("to Dardanus"). Among these is a Sambuca, which resembles a somewhat primitive sackbut without the bell joint. In the 19th Century it was reproduced by Edmond de Coussemaker, Charles de la Croix and Eugène Emmanuel Viollet-le-Duc, and has given rise to endless discussions without leading to any satisfactory solution.

Fabio Colonna created the pentecontachordon keyboard instrument which he called a sambuca.

Read more about this topic:  Sambuca (instrument)

Other articles related to "instruments, instrument":

Pull-off - Performance and Effect - Acoustic Versus Electric Instruments
... On most acoustic instruments, this means the second note has little sustain ... Performers of plucked instruments tend to use "pull-offs" when playing grace notes, usually in conjunction with multiple hammer-ons and strumming or picking to produce a rapid ... With this type of electronic gear and a powerful instrument amplifier nearing the threshold of feedback, pull-offs can even be used to play sustained notes ...
Historically Informed Performance - Layout
... are giving information about the layout of singers and instruments ... Three main layouts are documented Circle (Renaissance) Choir in the front of the instruments (17th–19th century) Singers and instruments next to each other on ...
University Of Music And Theatre Leipzig - Departments - Departments
... Faculty I Wind instruments and percussion instruments Conducting and correpetition Singing and musical theatre (e.g ... opera) String instruments and harp Faculty II Early music Piano Musical composition and music texture Musicology, music education and languages School music ...
Factors of Commercial Revolution - Technological Factors
... the 11th century), sophisticated navigational instruments, and detailed charts and maps ... Starting in 1670, the entire world was measured using essentially modern latitude instruments ... By the late 18th century, navigators replaced their prior instruments with octants and sextants ...
Music Of Turkey - Classical Music - Turkish Influence On Western Classical Music
... role given to the brass and percussion instruments in Janissary bands ... Joseph Haydn wrote his Military Symphony to include Turkish instruments, as well as some of his operas ... Turkish instruments were included in Ludwig van Beethoven's Symphony Number 9, and he composed a "Turkish March" for his Incidental Music to The Ruins of Athens, Op ...

Famous quotes containing the word instruments:

    Sound all the lofty instruments of war,
    And by that music let us all embrace,
    For, heaven to earth, some of us never shall
    A second time do such a courtesy.
    William Shakespeare (1564–1616)

    The form of act or thought mattered nothing. The hymns of David, the plays of Shakespeare, the metaphysics of Descartes, the crimes of Borgia, the virtues of Antonine, the atheism of yesterday and the materialism of to-day, were all emanation of divine thought, doing their appointed work. It was the duty of the church to deal with them all, not as though they existed through a power hostile to the deity, but as instruments of the deity to work out his unrevealed ends.
    Henry Brooks Adams (1838–1918)