Rule Utilitarianism

Rule utilitarianism is a form of utilitarianism that says an action is right insofar as it conforms to a rule that leads to the greatest good, or that "the rightness or wrongness of a particular action is a function of the correctness of the rule of which it is an instance."

For rule utilitarians, the correctness of a rule is determined by the amount of good it brings about when followed. In contrast, act utilitarians judge an act in terms of the consequences of that act alone (such as stopping at a red light), rather than judging whether it faithfully adhered to the rule of which it was an instance (such as, "always stop at red lights"). Rule utilitarians argue that following rules that tend to lead to the greatest good will have better consequences overall than allowing exceptions to be made in individual instances, even if better consequences can be demonstrated in those instances.

Read more about Rule UtilitarianismMill's Formulation, Specific Criticism, See Also

Other articles related to "rule utilitarianism, utilitarianism, rules, rule":

Twentieth Century Developments - Two-level Utilitarianism
... In Principles (1973) R.M.Hare accepts that rule utilitarianism collapses into act utilitarianism but claims that this is a result of allowing the rules to be 'as specific and un-general as we ... their generality.” This distinction between a ‘specific rule utilitarianism’ (which collapses into act utilitarianism) and ‘general rule utilitarianism’ forms ... properly, then we should use the more general rule utilitarianism ...
Rule Utilitarianism - See Also
... Act utilitarianism Two-level utilitarianism John Stuart Mill Richard Brandt Brad Hooker Rule egoism ...
Two-level Utilitarianism
... Two-level utilitarianism is a utilitarian theory of ethics developed by R ... theory, a person's moral decisions should be based on a set of 'intuitive' moral rules, except in certain rare situations where it is more appropriate to engage in a 'critical' level of ... Traditional utilitarianism treats this as a claim that people should try to ensure that their actions maximise overall happiness or pleasure ...

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