Romance Copula - Romanian

Romanian

A fi, fire is the copula in Romanian. These infinitive forms evolved from the verb, "to make":

fierefire → *firfi

was the passive infinitive of, and so meant "to be made". In the Vulgar Latin dialects spoken in modern day Romania, its evolved form fiere replaced essere, maybe due to the similarity between the stems fi- of and fu- of . Other forms of the verb a fi are derived from : sunt, ești, e(ste), suntem, sunteți, sunt in the present tense and eram, erai, era, eram, erați, erau in the imperfect.

A sta ( → sta) means "to stay" or even "to stand", "to stand still" or "to dwell/reside" e.g. a sta in picioare, as in Italian stare in piedi or unde stai? – "where do you live/reside?"

A fi
Non-finite
Infinitive a fi, fire
Past participle fost
Gerund fiind
Person eu tu el noi voi ei
Indicative
Present sunt ești e(ste) suntem sunteți sunt
Preterite fusei / fui fuseși / fuși fuse / fu fuserăm / furăm fuserăți / furăți fuseră / fură
Imperfect eram erai era eram erați erau
Pluperfect fusesem fuseseși fusese fuseserăm fuseserăți fuseseră
Subjunctive
Present să fiu să fii să fie să fim să fiți să fie
Imperative
fii fiți

Read more about this topic:  Romance Copula

Other articles related to "romanian":

Ovid Densusianu
... pen name Ervin December 29, 1873, Făgăraş – June 9, 1938, Bucharest) was a Romanian poet, philologist, linguist and folklorist ... introducing new trends of European modernism into Romanian literature ... professor at the University of Bucharest, and a member of the Romanian Academy ...
Doina - Etymology
... because most doinas are about the feeling of "dor" - a Romanian word for "intensely missing" (similar to German Sehnsucht and Portuguese Saudade) ... "doina" similarly to the way in which the word "haljina" ("clothing") became "haina" in Romanian ... Most importantly, it is a Romanian word which translates into "shepherd's lament" or "shepherd's longing", which helps explain why doinas can be very melancholy ...
Oglinda TV - History of The Station - Investigation "serials"
... into "mystery deaths", revelations of religious figures and scandals among Romanian celebrities ... OTV became notorious for its investigation into the "mysterious" disappearance of Romanian lawyer Elodia Ghinescu, a subject which was debated for 239 ... Other Romanian TV stations soon launched similar late-night talk shows, in a process called by Diaconescu the "otevisation" of Romania ...
Eastern Romance Languages - Common Features
... Eastern Romance languages Vulgar Latin language Substratum Thraco-Roman culture Romanian Moldovan Vlach Grammar Nouns Verbs Numbers Phonology Lexis Regulating bodies Romanian Academy Academy of Sciences of Moldova Aromanian Megleno-Romanian Istro-Romanian Grammar The Proto-Romanian branch was one of the earliest language groups to be isolated from the larger Latin family ... As such, the languages contain a few words that were replaced with Germanic borrowings in Western Romance languages, for example, the word for white is derived from Latin "albus" instead of Germanic "blank" ...
Romance Copula - Romanian
... A fi, fire is the copula in Romanian ... These infinitive forms evolved from the verb, "to make" → fiere → fire → *fir → fi was the passive infinitive of, and so meant "to be made" ...