Romance Copula - Romanian

Romanian

A fi, fire is the copula in Romanian. These infinitive forms evolved from the verb, "to make":

fierefire → *firfi

was the passive infinitive of, and so meant "to be made". In the Vulgar Latin dialects spoken in modern day Romania, its evolved form fiere replaced essere, maybe due to the similarity between the stems fi- of and fu- of . Other forms of the verb a fi are derived from : sunt, ești, e(ste), suntem, sunteți, sunt in the present tense and eram, erai, era, eram, erați, erau in the imperfect.

A sta ( → sta) means "to stay" or even "to stand", "to stand still" or "to dwell/reside" e.g. a sta in picioare, as in Italian stare in piedi or unde stai? – "where do you live/reside?"

A fi
Non-finite
Infinitive a fi, fire
Past participle fost
Gerund fiind
Person eu tu el noi voi ei
Indicative
Present sunt ești e(ste) suntem sunteți sunt
Preterite fusei / fui fuseși / fuși fuse / fu fuserăm / furăm fuserăți / furăți fuseră / fură
Imperfect eram erai era eram erați erau
Pluperfect fusesem fuseseși fusese fuseserăm fuseserăți fuseseră
Subjunctive
Present să fiu să fii să fie să fim să fiți să fie
Imperative
fii fiți

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