Roman Republic (19th Century)

The Roman Republic was a state declared on February 9, 1849, when the government of Papal States was temporarily replaced by a republican government due to Pope Pius IX's flight to Gaeta. The republic was led by Carlo Armellini, Giuseppe Mazzini and Aurelio Saffi. Together they formed a triumvirate, a reflection of a form of government seen in the ancient Roman Republic.

One of the major innovations the Republic hoped to achieve was enshrined in its constitution: all religions could be practiced freely and the pope was guaranteed the right to govern the Catholic Church. These religious freedoms were quite different from the situation under the preceding government, which allowed only Catholicism and Judaism to be practiced by citizens. The Constitution of the Roman Republic was the first in the world to abolish capital punishment in its constitutional law.

Other articles related to "roman":

Roman Republic (19th Century) - History - French Siege
... On April 25,some eight to ten thousand French troops under General Charles Oudinot landed at Civitavecchia on the coast northwest of Rome,while Spain sent 4,000 men under Fernando FernÃndez de ... The revolutionary RomanAssembly,amid thunderous shouts of Guerra! Guerra!,authorised Mazzini to resist the French by force of arms ... The French expected little resistance from the usurpers" ...

Famous quotes containing the words republic and/or roman:

    Paper is cheap, and authors need not now erase one book before they write another. Instead of cultivating the earth for wheat and potatoes, they cultivate literature, and fill a place in the Republic of Letters. Or they would fain write for fame merely, as others actually raise crops of grain to be distilled into brandy.
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    Before the Roman came to Rye or out to Severn strode,
    The rolling English drunkard made the rolling English road.
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