Roman Law - Roman Legal Development

Roman Legal Development

Before the Twelve Tables (754–449 BC), private law comprised the Roman civil law (ius civile Quiritium) that applied only to Roman citizens, and was bonded to religion; undeveloped, with attributes of strict formalism, symbolism, and conservatism, e.g. the ritual practice of mancipatio (a form of sale). The jurist Sextus Pomponius said, "At the beginning of our city, the people began their first activities without any fixed law, and without any fixed rights: all things were ruled despotically, by kings". It is believed that Roman Law is rooted in the Etruscan religion, emphasising ritual.

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Roman Law - Roman Legal Development - Post-classical Law
... By the middle of the 3rd century, the conditions for the flourishing of a refined legal culture had become less favourable ... The existence of a legal science and of jurists who regarded law as a science, not as an instrument to achieve the political goals set by the absolute monarch ... While legal science and legal education persisted to some extent in the eastern part of the Empire, most of the subtleties of classical law came to ...

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