According to J.P. Hunter, Robinson is not a hero but an everyman. He begins as a wanderer, aimless on a sea he does not understand and ends as a pilgrim, crossing a final mountain to enter the promised land. The book tells the story of how Robinson becomes closer to God, not through listening to sermons in a church but through spending time alone amongst nature with only a Bible to read.
Robinson Crusoe is filled with religious aspects. Defoe was a Puritan moralist and normally worked in the guide tradition, writing books on how to be a good Puritan Christian, such as The New Family Instructor (1727) and Religious Courtship (1722). While Robinson Crusoe is far more than a guide, it shares many of the themes and theological and moral points of view. "Crusoe" may have been taken from Timothy Cruso, a classmate of Defoe's who had written guide books, including God the Guide of Youth (1695), before dying at an early age – just eight years before Defoe wrote Robinson Crusoe. Cruso would have been remembered by contemporaries and the association with guide books is clear. It has even been speculated that God the Guide of Youth inspired Robinson Crusoe because of a number of passages in that work that are closely tied to the novel.
The Biblical story of Jonah is alluded to in the first part of the novel. Like Jonah, Crusoe neglects his 'duty' and is punished at sea.
A leitmotif of the novel is the Christian notion of Providence, penitence and redemption. Crusoe comes to repent of the follies of his youth. He learns to pray to God, first by randomly opening his Bible. He reads the words of Psalm 50 where he reads, "Call upon me in the day of trouble; I will deliver you, and you shall glorify me.” Crusoe often feels guided by a divinely ordained fate, thus explaining his robust optimism in the face of apparent hopelessness. His various fortunate intuitions are taken as evidence of a benign spirit world. Defoe also foregrounds this theme by arranging highly significant events in the novel to occur on Crusoe's birthday. The denouement culminates not only in Crusoe's deliverance from the island, but his spiritual deliverance, his acceptance of Christian doctrine, and in his intuition of his own salvation.
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... Hand-in-hand with the wool industry, this key religious centre experienced a Reformation significantly different to other parts of England ... in Tudor Norwich unusually found ways of managing religious discord whilst maintaining civic harmony ... trade with mainland Europe, fostering a movement toward religious reform and radical politics in the city ...
... All forms of Christianity, Islam and other religious practices were prohibited except for old non-institutional Pagan practices in the rural areas, which were seen as identifying with ... percentages are estimates there are no available current statistics on religious affiliation all mosques and churches were closed in 1967 and religious observances prohibited in November ... After 1992 an influx of foreign missionaries has brought more religious diversity with groups such as Jehovah's Witnesses, Mormons, Hindus, Bahá'í, a variety of Christian denominations and ...
... Robinson Crusoe is filled with religious aspects ... such as The New Family Instructor (1727) and Religious Courtship (1722) ...
... The other central aspect of the local culture is religious devotion ... and many of its inhabitants display a pride with their religious identity which comes close to fanaticism ... constitutes a form of social, rather than religious, gathering ...
... A religious festival is a time of special importance marked by adherents to that religion ... Religious festivals are commonly celebrated on recurring cycles in a calendar year or lunar calendar ... Hundreds of very different religious festivals are held around the world each year ...
Famous quotes containing the word religious:
“It is not woman who claims the highest in man. It is a mans own religious soul that drives him on beyond women, to his supreme activity. For his highest, man is responsible to God alone.”
—D.H. (David Herbert)
“A few years ago, the liberal churches complained that the Calvinistic church denied to them the name of Christian. I think the complaint was confession; a religious church would not complain.”
—Ralph Waldo Emerson (18031882)
“The churches ... have lost much of their authority over youth because they have refused to re-examine their religious sanctions and their dogmatic preaching in the light of modern physiology, psychology and sociology.”
—Agnes E. Meyer (18871970)