The Royal Society was founded in 1660, and in April 1661 the society debated a short tract on the rising of water in slender glass pipes, in which Hooke reported that the height water rose was related to the bore of the pipe (due to what is now termed capillary action). His explanation of this phenomenon was subsequently published in Micrography Observ. issue 6, in which he also explored the nature of "the fluidity of gravity". On 5 November 1661, Sir Robert Moray proposed that a Curator be appointed to furnish the society with Experiments, and this was unanimously passed with Hooke being named. His appointment was made on 12 November, with thanks recorded to Dr. Boyle for releasing him to the Society's employment.
In 1664, Sir John Cutler settled an annual gratuity of fifty pounds on the Society for the founding of a Mechanick Lecture, and the Fellows appointed Hooke to this task. On 27 June 1664 he was confirmed to the office, and on 11 January 1665 was named Curator by Office for life with an additional salary of £30 to Cutler's annuity.
Hooke's role at the Royal Society was to demonstrate experiments from his own methods or at the suggestion of members. Among his earliest demonstrations were discussions of the nature of air, the implosion of glass bubbles which had been sealed with comprehensive hot air, and demonstrating that the Pabulum vitae and flammae were one and the same. He also demonstrated that a dog could be kept alive with its thorax opened, provided air was pumped in and out of its lungs, and noting the difference between venous and arterial blood. There were also experiments on the subject of gravity, the falling of objects, the weighing of bodies and measuring of barometric pressure at different heights, and pendulums up to 200 ft long (61 m).
Instruments were devised to measure a second of arc in the movement of the sun or other stars, to measure the strength of gunpowder, and in particular an engine to cut teeth for watches, much finer than could be managed by hand, an invention which was, by Hooke's death, in constant use.
In 1663 and 1664, Hooke produced his microscopical observations, subsequently collated in Micrographia in 1665.
On 20 March 1664, Hooke succeeded Arthur Dacres as Gresham Professor of Geometry. Hooke received the degree of "Doctor of Physic" in December 1691.
Other articles related to "royal society, royal, society":
... partial list from the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A Letter from Dr ... Thomas Molyneux, Fellow of the Royal Society to the Right Reverend St ... Fellow of the King and Queens Colledge of Physicians in Ireland, and of the Royal Society in England Phil ...
... Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England 2 (6) 299–309 ... Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 42 (1) 14 ... Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England 4 (1) 24–37 ...
... University of Dundee in 1998, where she became Foulerton Professor of the Royal Society in 2000, and moved again to the University of Bath in 2007, retaining the Foulerton Professor title ... She was elected as a fellow of the Royal Society in 1998, a fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh in 2000, a fellow of the Academy of Medical Sciences in 2001, and a member of the European Molecular ...
... The Royal Society presents numerous awards, lectures and medals to recognise scientific achievement ... widow of William Croone, one of the founding members of the Royal Society ... basis, and is considered the most important Royal Society prize for the biological sciences ...
... at the age of 28, Mike was elected as an associate of The Royal Society of Painter-Printmakers (at that time known as the Royal Society of Painter-Etchers and Engravers), becoming ... serving as Honorary Secretary and Vice President, and is now a senior fellow of the society ... an associate since 1993, Mike was elected to Full Member of the Royal Watercolour Society ...
Famous quotes containing the words society and/or royal:
“Wine is a part of society because it provides a basis not only for a morality but also for an environment; it is an ornament in the slightest ceremonials of French daily life, from the snack ... to the feast, from the conversation at the local café to the speech at a formal dinner”
—Roland Barthes (19151980)
“The captain sat in a commodores hat
And dined in a royal way
On toasted pigs and pickles and figs
And gummery bread each day.”
—Charles Edward Carryl (18411920)