Ringisho

Some articles on ringisho:

Japanese Management Culture - Managerial Style
... of “ringi decision-making” is conducted through a document called a “ringisho.” The “ringisho” is created and circulated by the individual who ... As the “ringisho” reaches a peer for review, the peer places his or her “personal seal(hanko) rights side up” to agree, “upside down” to ... Once all peers have reviewed the “ringisho” the peers’ manager reviews the “ringisho” and places his or her “hanko” on it ...