Rhyme Scheme

A rhyme scheme is the pattern of rhyme between lines of a poem or song. It is usually referred to by using letters to indicate which lines rhyme; lines designated with the same letter all rhyme with each other. In other words, it is the pattern of end rhymes or lines.

Bid me to weep, and I will weep
While I have eyes to see;
And having none, and yet I will keep
A heart to weep for thee.


Thus its own associations and resonances to cause a particular effect on the reader. A basic distinction is between rhyme schemes that apply to a single stanza, and those that continue their pattern throughout an entire poem (see chain rhyme). There are also more elaborate related forms, like the sestina - which requires repetition of exact words in a complex pattern.

In English, highly repetitive rhyme schemes are unusual. English has more vowel sounds than Italian, for example, meaning that such a scheme would be far more restrictive for an English writer than an Italian one - there are fewer suitable words to match a given pattern. Even such schemes as the terza rima ("aba bcb cdc ded..."), used by Dante Alighieri in The Divine Comedy, have been considered too difficult for English.

Read more about Rhyme SchemeExample Rhyme Schemes, Rhyme Schemes in Hip-hop Music

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Tools For Poetry Analysis - Poetic Forms - Closed Forms
... which is verse that follows a regular meter but does not rhyme ... iambic pentameter arranged in a more elaborate rhyme scheme form a sonnet ... The Italian sonnet or Petrarchan sonnet follows a rhyme scheme of ABBA ABBA CDE CDE, ABBA ABBA CD CD CD, ABBA ABBA CCE DDE, or ABBA ABBA CDD CEE ...
Petrarchan - Form
... The rhyme scheme for the octave is typically a b b a a b b a ... introduces a pronounced change in tone in the sonnet the change in rhyme scheme marks the turn ... do not necessarily restrict themselves to the strict metrical or rhyme schemes of the traditional Petrarchan form some use iambic hexameter, while others do not observe the octave-sestet ...
Petrarch's And Shakespeare's Sonnets - Different Structures of Sonnets
... and tercets are divided by change in rhyme ... octave, followed by either CDE CDE or CDC DCD rhymes in the sestet ... The rhyme scheme and structure work together to emphasize the idea of the poem the first quatrain presents the theme and the second expands on it ...
Sonnet 125 - Rhyme Scheme
... to as an “English sonnet” or “Shakespearean sonnet”, this type of poem uses the typical rhyme scheme of “a-b-a-b, c-d-c-d, e-f-e-f, g-g” ... This poetic rhyme scheme finds it’s roots in the infamous Petrarchan sonnet form, but according to Raphael Lyne, Shakespeare’s sonnets are very different from Petrarchan sonnets, though no less emotionally ... it into the English Renaissance culture by changing the traditional Italian rhyme scheme, “a-b-b-a-a-b-b-a” octet and the “c-d-e-c-d-e” sextet, to a more ...
Rhyme Schemes in Hip-hop Music
... Hip-hop music and rapping’s rhyme schemes include traditional schemes such as couplets, as well as forms specific to the genre, which are broken ... Rhyme schemes used in hip-hop music include – Couplets Single-liners Multi-liners Combinations of schemes Whole verse Couplets are the most common type of rhyme scheme in old school rap and are still ... Rather than relying on end rhymes, rap’s rhyme schemes can have rhymes placed anywhere in the bars of music to create a structure ...

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