In the early 21st century, most states that are not monarchies label themselves as republics either in their official names or their constitutions. There are a few exceptions: Israel, the Russian Federation, and Hungary. However Israel, Russia and Hungary would meet many definitions of the term republic.
There is a variety of republics which differ on how the head of state is chosen and how much power they have.
- Parliamentary republic — a republic, like India, Poland, with an elected head of state, but where the head of state and head of government are kept separate with the Head of government retaining most executive powers, or a head of state akin to a head of government, elected by a Parliament.
- Federal republic — a federal union of states or provinces with a republican form of government. Examples include Argentina, Austria, Brazil, Germany, India, Russia, the United States, and Switzerland.
- Islamic Republic — Countries like Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iran are republics governed in accordance with Islamic law.
- Socialist republic — Countries like China and Vietnam are meant to be governed for and by the people, but with no direct elections. The term People's Republic is used to differentiate themselves from the earlier republic of their countries before the people's revolution, like Republic of China and Republic of Korea.
Read more about this topic: Republic
Other articles related to "types, type":
... Claw-types set quickly in most seabeds and although not an articulated design, they have the reputation of not breaking out with tide or wind changes, instead slowly turning in the bottom to ... Claw types have difficulty penetrating weedy bottoms and grass ... low holding-power-to-weight ratio and generally have to be oversized to compete with other types ...
... Arquilla and Ronfeldt point to three basic types of networks that may be used by netwar actors Chain network – typified by smuggling networks, where end-to-end exchanges (information, contraband, etc.) must travel ... also take on hybrid forms as well, blending different types of networks and hierarchies ... or various members of the same group may be networked to each other through different types of network structures ...
... General aviation involves a wide range of aircraft types such as Business jets, trainers, homebuilt, aerobatic types, racers, gliders, warbirds, firefighters and medical transports ... The vast majority of aircraft today are general aviation types ...
... Attempts to introduce types date back to the 1980s, and as of 2008 there are still attempts to extend Prolog with types ... Type information is useful not only for type safety but also for reasoning about Prolog programs ...
... The principal types of graphemes are logograms, which represent words or morphemes (for example, Chinese characters, or the ampersand representing the English word and also Arabic numerals) syllabic characters ... For a full discussion of the different types, see Writing system Functional classification of writing systems ...
Famous quotes containing the word types:
“He types his laboured columnweary drudge!
Senile fudge and solemn:
Spare, editor, to condemn
These dry leaves of his autumn.”
—Robertson Davies (b. 1913)
“The wider the range of possibilities we offer children, the more intense will be their motivations and the richer their experiences. We must widen the range of topics and goals, the types of situations we offer and their degree of structure, the kinds and combinations of resources and materials, and the possible interactions with things, peers, and adults.”
—Loris Malaguzzi (19201994)
“The American man is a very simple and cheap mechanism. The American woman I find a complicated and expensive one. Contrasts of feminine types are possible. I am not absolutely sure that there is more than one American man.”
—Henry Brooks Adams (18381918)