Reform means the improvement or amendment of what is wrong, corrupt, unsatisfactory, etc. The use of the word in this way emerges in the late 1700’s and is believed to originate from Christopher Wyvill’s Association movement which identified “Parliamentary Reform” as its primary aim.
Reform is generally distinguished from revolution. The latter means basic or radical change; whereas reform may be no more than fine tuning, or at most redressing serious wrongs without altering the fundamentals of the system. Reform seeks to improve the system as it stands, never to overthrow it wholesale. Radicals on the other hand, seek to improve the system, but try to overthrow whether it be the government or a group of people themselves.
Rotation in office or term limits would, by contrast, be more revolutionary, in altering basic political connections between incumbents and constituents.
Developing countries may carry out a wide range of reforms to improve their living standards, often with support from international financial institutions and aid agencies. This can include reforms to macroeconomic policy, the civil service, and public financial management.
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Other articles related to "reform":
... A note about spelling when used to describe something which is physically formed again, such as re-casting it in a mold/mould, or a band that gets back together, the proper term is re-form (with a hyphen), not "reform". ...
... and some pressure groups such as Charter 88, Unlock Democracy and the Electoral Reform Society ... In 1998 and 2003 Independent Commissions were formed to look into electoral reform ... brings together those groups advocating reform ...
... A reform movement began in the mid-18th century ... Although the Whig party was ambivalent in its attitude to reform, some Whig leaders like Fox and Earl Grey raised the issue many times, but nothing was ... Between 1815 and 1832 pressure for reform mounted steadily ...
... United Party and the Labour Party with the Reform Party in opposition ... The Reform Party, fearing that the Depression would give Labour a substantial boost, reluctantly agreed to form a coalition with United to avert elections ... By forming a coalition, United and Reform were able to blunt Labour's advantage, ending the possibility of the anti-Labour vote being split and the general election in December saw the ...
... political prominence in the campaign for political reform in the early nineteenth century, with Thomas Attwood and the Birmingham Political Union bringing ... Lord Durham, who drafted the act, wrote that "the country owed Reform to Birmingham, and its salvation from revolution" ... to make Birmingham the platform for his successful campaign for the Second Reform Act of 1867, which extended voting rights to the urban working class ...
Famous quotes containing the word reform:
“To reform a world, to reform a nation, no wise man will undertake; and all but foolish men know, that the only solid, though a far slower reformation, is what each begins and perfects on himself.”
—Thomas Carlyle (17951881)
“Every reform was once a private opinion, and when it shall be a private opinion again, it will solve the problem of the age.”
—Ralph Waldo Emerson (18031882)
“There is no such thing as accomplishing a righteous reform by the use of expediency. There is no such thing as sliding up- hill. In morals the only sliders are backsliders.”
—Henry David Thoreau (18171862)