Raphael - Urbino

Urbino

Raphael was born in the small but artistically significant Central Italian city of Urbino in the Marche region, where his father Giovanni Santi was court painter to the Duke. The reputation of the court had been established by Federico III da Montefeltro, a highly successful condottiere who had been created Duke of Urbino by the Pope—Urbino formed part of the Papal States—and who died the year before Raphael was born. The emphasis of Federico's court was rather more literary than artistic, but Giovanni Santi was a poet of sorts as well as a painter, and had written a rhymed chronicle of the life of Federico, and both wrote the texts and produced the decor for masque-like court entertainments. His poem to Federico shows him as keen to show awareness of the most advanced North Italian painters, and Early Netherlandish artists as well. In the very small court of Urbino he was probably more integrated into the central circle of the ruling family than most court painters.

Federico was succeeded by his son Guidobaldo da Montefeltro, who married Elisabetta Gonzaga, daughter of the ruler of Mantua, the most brilliant of the smaller Italian courts for both music and the visual arts. Under them, the court continued as a centre for literary culture. Growing up in the circle of this small court gave Raphael the excellent manners and social skills stressed by Vasari. Court life in Urbino at just after this period was to become set as the model of the virtues of the Italian humanist court by Baldassare Castiglione's depiction of it in his classic work The Book of the Courtier, published in 1528. Castiglione moved to Urbino in 1504, when Raphael was no longer based there but frequently visited, and they became good friends. He became close to other regular visitors to the court: Pietro Bibbiena and Pietro Bembo, both later cardinals, were already becoming well known as writers, and would be in Rome during Raphael's period there. Raphael mixed easily in the highest circles throughout his life, one of the factors that tended to give a misleading impression of effortlessness to his career. He did not receive a full humanistic education however; it is unclear how easily he read Latin.

Read more about this topic:  Raphael

Other articles related to "urbino":

Seraphina Sforza - Life
... She was born in Urbino to Guido Antonio of Montefeltro, Count of Urbino, and Caterina Colonna in the first half of 1434 ... and her mother in 1443, she was cared for in Urbino first by her elder brother Oddantonio da Montefeltro, who had succeeded their father as Count, and then by her half-brother Federico da ...
Sanzio - Urbino
... significant Central Italian city of Urbino in the Marche region, where his father Giovanni Santi was court painter to the Duke ... III da Montefeltro, a highly successful condottiere who had been created Duke of Urbino by the Pope—Urbino formed part of the Papal States—and ... In the very small court of Urbino he was probably more integrated into the central circle of the ruling family than most court painters ...
Baldassare Castiglione - Biography
... the Gonzagas during one of his missions to Rome he met Guidobaldo da Montefeltro, Duke of Urbino and in 1504, a reluctant Francesco Gonzaga allowed him to leave and take up residence in ... Urbino was at that time the most refined and elegant of the Italian courts, a cultural center ably directed and managed by the Duchess Elisabetta Gonzaga and her sister-in-law Emilia Pia, whose ... Francesco Maria della Rovere (nephew and heir of Duke and Duchess of Urbino) and Cesare Gonzaga, a cousin of both Castiglione and the Duke ...
Battista Malatesta
... Baptista Malatesta was the daughter of Antonio II da Montefeltro, Count of Urbino ... His wife thereupon found a refuge in her old home at Urbino ... The Emperor Sigismund when passing through Urbino in 1433 was greeted by her in a Latin oration, which half a century later was still thought worthy of ...
People From Urbino
... Federico III da Montefeltro, Duke of Urbino, medieval condottiere and patron of the arts ... Elisabetta Gonzaga Duchess of Urbino (1471–1526) Guidobaldo II della Rovere, Duke of Urbino, commissioned the famous Venus of Urbino painting ... work going up while he was a youth Raphael was born at Urbino, where his family's house is a museum-shrine Paolo Volponi (1924–1994), writer and poet Giovanni Francesco Albani ...