Queen of Scots

Queen Of Scots

The monarch of Scotland was the head of state of the Kingdom of Scotland. According to tradition, the first King of Scots was Kenneth MacAlpin (Cináed mac Ailpín), who founded the state in 843. The distinction between the Kingdom of Scotland and the Kingdom of the Picts is rather the product of later medieval myth and confusion from a change in nomenclature, i.e. Rex Pictorum (King of the Picts) becomes ri Alban (King of Alba) under Donald II when annals switched from Latin to vernacular around the end of the 9th century, by which time the word Alba in Gaelic had come to refer to the Kingdom of the Picts rather than Britain (its older meaning).

The Kingdom of the Picts just became known as Kingdom of Alba in Gaelic, which later became known in English as Scotland; the terms are retained in both languages to this day. By the late 11th century at the very latest, Scottish kings were using the term rex Scottorum, or King of Scots, to refer to themselves in Latin. The title of King of Scots fell out of use in 1707 when the Kingdom of Scotland merged with the Kingdom of England to form the Kingdom of Great Britain. Thus Queen Anne became the last monarch of Scotland (and concurrently, the last monarch of England) and the first monarch of Great Britain. The two kingdoms had shared a monarch since 1603 (see Union of the Crowns), and Charles II was the last Scottish monarch to actually be crowned in Scotland, at Scone in 1651.

Read more about Queen Of Scots:  Heraldry, Coronation Oath, Jacobite Claimants, Other Claimants, Timeline of Scottish Monarchs, Acts of Union

Other articles related to "queen of scots, queen, of scots":

George Durie - Mary, Queen of Scots
... the Protestant and catholic parties to invite Queen Mary to return ... The abbot had the advantage of being with the queen previous to the deaths of her mother and her husband ... Holinshed says "The queen, being desirous to have peaceful landing in Scotland, would not for the present meddle with religion, although Durie, abbot ...
Queen Of Scots - Acts of Union
22 July 1706, following prolonged negotiation between Queen Anne's Commissioners representing both parliaments ... a common monarch since the Union of the Crowns in 1603, when James VI, King of Scots, inherited the English throne from his first cousin twice removed, Queen Elizabeth I of England ...
Clan Spens - History - 16th Century & Mary, Queen of Scots
... During the reign of Mary, Queen of Scots, the loyalties of the family were divided ... When commanded by the queen to prosecute the reformer John Knox, for alleged treason, he did so with no great zeal, and Knox was acquitted ...
Scotland In The Early Modern Era - Political History - Sixteenth Century - Mary, Queen of Scots
... While these events progressed Queen Mary had been raised as a Catholic in France, and married to the Dauphin, who became king as Francis II in 1559, making her queen consort of France ...

Famous quotes containing the words scots and/or queen:

    Haf owre, haf owre to Aberdour,
    It’s fiftie fadom deip,
    And thair lies guid Sir Patrick Spence,
    Wi the Scots lords at his feit.
    Unknown. Sir Patrick Spens (l. 41–44)

    The Queen has lands and gold, Mother
    The Queen has lands and gold,
    While you are forced to your empty breast
    A skeleton Babe to hold
    Amelia Edwards (1831–1892)