Puerto Rico

Puerto Rico (/ˌpɔrtə ˈriːkoʊ/ or /ˌpwɛərtə ˈriːkoʊ/, officially the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico (Spanish: Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico—literally, "Associated Free State of Puerto Rico"), is an unincorporated territory of the United States, located in the northeastern Caribbean, east of the Dominican Republic and west of both the United States Virgin Islands and the British Virgin Islands.

Puerto Rico (Spanish for "rich port") comprises an archipelago that includes the main island of Puerto Rico and a number of smaller islands, the largest of which are Vieques, Culebra, and Mona. The main island of Puerto Rico is the smallest by land area of the Greater Antilles. However, it ranks third in population among that group of four islands, which also include Cuba, Hispaniola (Dominican Republic and Haiti), and Jamaica. Due to its location, Puerto Rico enjoys a tropical climate and also experiences the Atlantic hurricane season.

Originally populated for centuries by indigenous aboriginal peoples known as Taínos, the island was claimed by Christopher Columbus for Spain during his second voyage to the Americas on November 19, 1493. Under Spanish rule, the island was colonized and the indigenous population was forced into slavery and nearly wiped out due to, among other things, European infectious diseases. The remaining population was emancipated by King Charles I in 1520. Spain possessed Puerto Rico for over 400 years, despite attempts at capture of the island by the French, Dutch, and British. The Spanish Crown, in an attempt to keep Puerto Rico from gaining its independence, revived the Royal Decree of Graces of 1815. The decree was printed in three languages—Spanish, English and French—and it fostered the immigration of hundreds of non-Spanish European families.

The relationship between Puerto Rico and the United States dates back to the Spanish-American War, in which Spain, under the terms of the Treaty of Paris of 1898, ceded the island to the United States. In 1917, Puerto Ricans became U.S. citizens and, today, "the United States Congress legislates many fundamental aspects of Puerto Rican life". However, the islanders may not vote in U.S. presidential elections. Since 1947, Puerto Ricans have been able to elect their own governor. Its official languages are Spanish and English, with Spanish being the primary language. The island's current political status, including the possibility of statehood or independence, is widely debated in Puerto Rico. In a non-binding referendum held on November 6, 2012, 53% of respondents voted against the current status, while in a second question 65% favored statehood as the preferred alternative.

Read more about Puerto Rico:  Name, Government and Politics, Political Status, Geography, Economy, Demographics, Culture, Sports, Education, Transportation

Other articles related to "puerto rico":

Puerto Rico - Transportation
... Main article Transportation in Puerto Rico Cities and towns in Puerto Rico are interconnected by a system of roads, freeways, expressways, and highways maintained by the Highways and Transportation ... Department of Transportation, and patrolled by the Puerto Rico Police Department ... of public transportation include seaborne ferries (that serve Puerto Rico's archipelago) as well as Carros Públicos (private mini buses) ...
Popular, Inc.
... doing business as Banco Popular in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands and as Popular Community Bank in the United States, is a financial services conglomerate that has been operating in Puerto Rico for ... in the logo stands for Banco Popular de Puerto Rico, where the bank has its major historical footprint ... is the parent company of Banco Popular de Puerto Rico, Banco Popular North America, Evertec, E-Loan, and several other companies ...
Miss Universe - Trivia and Statistics - Awards
... a three-peat), followed by the England with five and Puerto Rico, with five, four of them via internet voting during a six-year period, from 1999 to 2004 (did not win in 2000) ... The only Miss Universe to win three awards on pageant night was Denise Quiñones (Puerto Rico), who in 2001 also won Miss Photogenic via internet voting, Bluepoint Swimsuit Award, and Clairol Best ... (Trinidad and Tobago, 1977) and Denise Quiñones (Puerto Rico, 2001) ...
1926 Atlantic Hurricane Season - Storms - Hurricane One (Nassau Hurricane, Hurricane San Liborio)
... Coordinated (UTC) on July 24, the hurricane made landfall at Cabo Rojo, Puerto Rico, with maximum sustained winds of 105 miles per hour (169 km/h) ... Weakening as it crossed Puerto Rico, the cyclone quickly regained strength on July 25 as it moved through the Bahamas rapidly reaching maximum sustained winds of 130 mph (210 km/h), it attained the ... passing over the United States territory of Puerto Rico, the storm produced hurricane-force winds and heavy rainfall that flooded all the rivers in the southern half of the island crops in the western ...
University Of Puerto Rico School Of Medicine - History - UPR School of Medicine
1950 to the creation of the University of Puerto Rico School of Medicine as part of the University of Puerto Rico System, thanks to efforts made by the lawyer and first president of the University, Jaime Benitez ... In 1960, the University established a graduate program, unique in Puerto Rico, along with other medical services and research ...