Public Health

Public health is "the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting health through the organized efforts and informed choices of society, organizations, public and private, communities and individuals" (1920, C.E.A. Winslow). It is concerned with threats to health based on population health analysis. The population in question can be as small as a handful of people or as large as all the inhabitants of several continents (for instance, in the case of a pandemic). The dimensions of health can encompass "a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity", as defined by the United Nations' World Health Organization. Public health incorporates the interdisciplinary approaches of epidemiology, biostatistics and health services. Environmental health, community health, behavioral health, health economics, public policy, insurance medicine and occupational health (respectively occupational medicine) are other important subfields.

The focus of public health intervention is to improve health and quality of life through the prevention and treatment of disease and other physical and mental health conditions, through surveillance of cases and the promotion of healthy behaviors. Promotion of hand washing and breastfeeding, delivery of vaccinations, and distribution of condoms to control the spread of sexually transmitted diseases are examples of common public health measures.

Modern public health practice requires multidisciplinary teams of professionals including physicians specializing in public health/community medicine/infectious disease, epidemiologists, biostatisticians, public health nurses, medical microbiologists, environmental health officers / public health inspectors, dental hygienists, dietitians and nutritionists, veterinarians, public health engineers, public health lawyers, sociologists, community development workers, communications officers, and others.

Read more about Public HealthObjectives, History, Education and Training, Public Health Programs

Other articles related to "health, public health":

Linda Marc
... in the areas of HIV/AIDS and minority health issues ... epidemiology from the Harvard School of Public Health and a Master of Public Health in chronic disease epidemiology from Yale School of Public Health (where she ... She is the former Chair of the Public Health Committee for the Association of Haitian-American Engineers (2005–2007), and was honored in 2005 with an award ...
Research Base For Communities That Care - Public Health Understanding of Risk and Protective Factors
... The field of public health has developed a systematic methodology for understanding and effectively preventing health problems ... a family history of heart disease are considered risk factors for poor heart health ... community psychology, education) have been applying this public health approach to the study of the healthy development of young people ...
Public Health Programs - Implementing Effective Improvement Strategies
... To improve public health, one of important strategies is to promote modern medicine and scientific neutrality to drive the public health policy and campaign, which recommended by Armanda ... In the case study, he points out that the public health policy can't just concern the politics or economic aspect ... Thus, to have scientific neutrality in making public health policy is a very important since it can help to treat people who really needs, not the interests of politic and economic areas ...
Saint Louis University School Of Public Health - History
... Saint Louis University has the only accredited School of Public Health in the state of Missouri and is one of just 39 schools of public health accredited ... The School currently offers 3 degrees in Public Health, Emergency Management, and Health Management ... The offering of public health degrees at the undergraduate level is relatively new, yet in high demand ...
Saint Louis University School Of Public Health - Programs of Study - Graduate
... Master of Health Administration Master of Public Health Master of Science in Public Health Master of Science in Biosecurity and Disaster Preparedness Certificate Program in Biosecurity and ...

Famous quotes containing the words health and/or public:

    Self-esteem is as important to our well-being as legs are to a table. It is essential for physical and mental health and for happiness.
    Louise Hart (20th century)

    If Los Angeles has been called “the capital of crackpots” and “the metropolis of isms,” the native Angeleno can not fairly attribute all of the city’s idiosyncrasies to the newcomer—at least not so long as he consults the crystal ball for guidance in his business dealings and his wife goes shopping downtown in beach pajamas.
    —For the State of California, U.S. public relief program (1935-1943)