Public health is "the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting health through the organized efforts and informed choices of society, organizations, public and private, communities and individuals" (1920, C.E.A. Winslow). It is concerned with threats to health based on population health analysis. The population in question can be as small as a handful of people or as large as all the inhabitants of several continents (for instance, in the case of a pandemic). The dimensions of health can encompass "a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity", as defined by the United Nations' World Health Organization. Public health incorporates the interdisciplinary approaches of epidemiology, biostatistics and health services. Environmental health, community health, behavioral health, health economics, public policy, insurance medicine and occupational health (respectively occupational medicine) are other important subfields.
The focus of public health intervention is to improve health and quality of life through the prevention and treatment of disease and other physical and mental health conditions, through surveillance of cases and the promotion of healthy behaviors. Promotion of hand washing and breastfeeding, delivery of vaccinations, and distribution of condoms to control the spread of sexually transmitted diseases are examples of common public health measures.
Modern public health practice requires multidisciplinary teams of professionals including physicians specializing in public health/community medicine/infectious disease, epidemiologists, biostatisticians, public health nurses, medical microbiologists, environmental health officers / public health inspectors, dental hygienists, dietitians and nutritionists, veterinarians, public health engineers, public health lawyers, sociologists, community development workers, communications officers, and others.
Other articles related to "public health, health":
... To improve public health, one of important strategies is to promote modern medicine and scientific neutrality to drive the public health policy and campaign, which ... In the case study, he points out that the public health policy can't just concern the politics or economic aspect ... Thus, to have scientific neutrality in making public health policy is a very important since it can help to treat people who really needs, not the interests of politic and economic areas ...
... Linda Marc is a Haitian-American who is published in the areas of HIV/AIDS and minority health issues ... epidemiology from the Harvard School of Public Health and a Master of Public Health in chronic disease epidemiology from Yale School of Public Health (where she holds an appointment as a Lecturer in Public Health ... She is the former Chair of the Public Health Committee for the Association of Haitian-American Engineers (2005–2007), and was honored in 2005 with an award from the Haitian-Canadian Association ...
... Master of Health Administration Master of Public Health Master of Science in Public Health Master of Science in Biosecurity and Disaster Preparedness Certificate Program in Biosecurity and Disaster ...
... The field of public health has developed a systematic methodology for understanding and effectively preventing health problems ... heart disease are considered risk factors for poor heart health ... community psychology, education) have been applying this public health approach to the study of the healthy development of young people ...
... Saint Louis University has the only accredited School of Public Health in the state of Missouri and is one of just 39 schools of public health accredited by the ... The School currently offers 3 degrees in Public Health, Emergency Management, and Health Management ... The offering of public health degrees at the undergraduate level is relatively new, yet in high demand ...
Famous quotes containing the words public health, health and/or public:
“And when we get too far apart in wealth,
Twas his idea that for the public health,
So that the poor wont have to steal by stealth,
We now and then should take an equalizer.”
—Robert Frost (18741963)
“I think that carrying a baby inside of you is like running as fast as you can. It feels like finally letting go and filling yourself up to the widest limits.”
—Anonymous Mother. Ourselves and Our Children, by Boston Womens Health Book Collective, ch. 2 (1978)
“He believes without reservation that Kentucky is the garden spot of the world, and is ready to dispute with anyone who questions his claim. In his enthusiasm for his State he compares with the Methodist preacher whom Timothy Flint heard tell a congregation that Heaven is a Kentucky of a place.”
—For the State of Kentucky, U.S. public relief program (1935-1943)