Premenstrual Syndrome

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) (also called PMT or premenstrual tension) is a collection of physical and emotional symptoms related to a woman's menstrual cycle. While most women of child-bearing age (up to 85%) report having experienced physical symptoms related to normal ovulatory function, such as bloating or breast tenderness, medical definitions of PMS are limited to a consistent pattern of emotional and physical symptoms occurring only during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle that are of "sufficient severity to interfere with some aspects of life". In particular, emotional symptoms must be present consistently to diagnose PMS. The specific emotional and physical symptoms attributable to PMS vary from woman to woman, but each individual woman's pattern of symptoms is predictable, occurs consistently during the ten days prior to menses, and vanishes either shortly before or shortly after the start of menstrual flow.

Two to ten percent of women have significant premenstrual symptoms that are separate from the normal discomfort associated with menstruation in healthy women.

Culturally, the abbreviation PMS is widely understood in English-speaking countries to refer to difficulties associated with menses, and the abbreviation is used frequently even in casual and colloquial settings, without regard to medical rigor. In these contexts, the syndrome is rarely referred to without abbreviation, and the connotations of the reference are frequently more broad than the clinical definition.

Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) consists of symptoms are similar to, but more severe than, PMS, and while primarily mood-related, may include physical symptoms such as bloating. PMDD is classified as a repeating transitory cyclic disorder with similarities to unipolar depression, and several antidepressants are approved as therapy.

Read more about Premenstrual SyndromeSymptoms, Risk Factors, Diagnosis, Cause, Management, Prognosis, Epidemiology, History, Alternative Views

Other articles related to "premenstrual syndrome, premenstrual":

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... Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is characterised by a range of mood swings and physical symptoms ...
Menstruation - Premenstrual Syndrome
... This phenomenon is called Premenstrual Syndrome ... More severe symptoms may be classified as Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD) ...
Premenstrual Syndrome - Alternative Views
... Another view holds that PMS is too frequently or wrongly diagnosed in many cases ... A variety of problems, such as chronic depression, infections, and outbursts of frustration can be mis-diagnosed as PMS if they happen to coincide with the premenstrual period ...
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... Emily Martin describes the relationship between premenstrual syndrome and the work place ... She focuses on the idea that every single person experiences this time of month differently but examines that the Marxist way of thinking interferes with how an employer adapts to this situation ...

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