The Politics of Veneto, Italy takes place in a framework of a presidential representative democracy, whereby the President is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the Regional Government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the Regional Council. The Statute of Veneto was promulgated on 22 May 1971. The article 2 proclaims the principle of "self-government of the Venetian people".
Once a heartland of the Christian Democracy, in the 1990s Veneto became a stronghold of the centre-right Pole/House of Freedoms coalition, which has governed the region from 1995 to 2010 under Giancarlo Galan (Forza Italia). In 2010 he was replaced by Luca Zaia (Liga Veneta–Lega Nord), whose coalition includes also The People of Freedom, successor of Forza Italia.
Veneto is also home of Venetian nationalism (or Venetism), a political movement that appeared in the 1970s, demanding political and fiscal autonomy for the region (which is felt by Venetists to be a nation in its own right) and promoting Venetian culture, language and history. This was the political background in which Liga Veneta was launched in 1980. Then, other Venetist parties, such as Liga Veneta Repubblica and North-East Project, emerged, but they never touched the popularity of Liga Veneta, which was a founding member of Lega Nord in 1991. Some Venetists campaign for federal reform, others for full independence.
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