NamesFurther information: Axis mundi
Because of its importance in celestial navigation, Polaris is known by numerous names.
One ancient name for Polaris was Cynosūra, from the Greek κυνόσουρα "the dog’s tail" (reflecting a time when the constellation of Ursa Minor "Little Bear" was taken to represent a dog), whence the English word cynosure. Most other names are directly tied to its role as pole star.
In English, it was known as "pole star" or "north star", in Spenser also "steadfast star". An older English name, attested since the 14th century, is lodestar "guiding star", cognate with the Old Norse leiðarstjarna, Middle High German leitsterne. Use of the name Polaris in English dates to the 17th century. It is an ellipsis for the Latin stella polaris "pole star". Another Latin name is stella maris "sea-star", from an early time also used as a title of the Blessed Virgin Mary, popularized in the hymn Ave Maris Stella (8th century). In traditional Indian astronomy, its name in Sanskrit dhruva tāra, literally "fixed star". Its name in medieval Islamic astronomy was variously reported as Mismar "needle, nail", al-kutb al-shamaliyy "the northern axle/spindle", al-kaukab al-shamaliyy "north star". The name Alruccabah or Ruccabah reported in 16th century western sources was that of the constellation.
In the Old English rune poem, the T-rune is identified with Tyr "fame, honour", which is compared to the pole star, ᛏ biþ tacna sum, healdeð trywa wel " is a sign, it keeps faith well". Shakespeare's sonnet 116 is an example of the symbolism of the north star as a guiding principle: " is the star to every wandering bark / Whose worth's unknown, although his height be taken."
I popular music, Joni Mitchell's song The Last Time I Saw Richard contains the lines: You said 'I am as constant as the Northern Star'/ And I said 'Constantly in the darkness/ Where's that at? If you want me I'll be in the bar'.
Read more about this topic: Polaris
Other articles related to "names, name":
... Names are selected from the following sequential list, there is no annual list ... Names were contributed by 13 members of the ESCAP/WMO Typhoon Committee, except for Singapore ... nations or territories, along with Micronesia, each submitted 10 names, which are used in alphabetical order by the English name of the country ...
... Variable names, function names, and statement labels have the same form, a letter followed by zero to five letters or digits ... Function names end with a period ... All names can be subscripted (the name followed by parentheses, with multiple subscripts separated by commas) ...
... PAGASA assigns names to tropical depressions that form within their area of responsibility and any tropical cyclone that might move into their area of ... If the list of names would have been insufficient, an auxiliary list of ten names were also published ... Names that were not assigned are marked in gray ...
... of Halicarnassus and Plutarch document Roman cults, temples, and practices under the names of equivalent Greek deities ... or assimilation with Greek models, as when Romans adapt Greek myths and iconography under the names of their own gods ... The similarity of gods makes their names mutually translatable ...
... a "Gold Coast", and a "Slave Coast", and, like those three, the name "Ivory Coast" reflected the major trade that occurred on that particular stretch of the coast the export of ... Other names for the coast included the Côte de Dents, literally "Teeth Coast", again reflecting the trade in ivory the Côte de Quaqua, after the people that ... One can find the name Cote de(s) Dents regularly used in older works ...
Famous quotes containing the word names:
“Men have sometimes exchanged names with their friends, as if they would signify that in their friend each loved his own soul.”
—Ralph Waldo Emerson (18031882)
“Tonight there are only the winter stars.
The sky is no longer a junk-shop,
Full of javelins and old fire-balls,
Triangles and the names of girls.”
—Wallace Stevens (18791955)
“Almanacked, their names live; they
Have slipped their names, and stand at ease,
Or gallop for what must be joy,”
—Philip Larkin (19221985)