The Philippines Campaign (1941–1942) or the Battle of the Philippines was the invasion of the Philippines by Japan in 1941–1942 and the defense of the islands by Filipino and United States forces.
The defending forces outnumbered the Japanese invaders by 3 to 2, but were a mixed force of non-combat experienced regular, national guard, constabulary, and newly created Commonwealth units; the Japanese used their best first-line troops at the outset of the campaign. The Japanese 14th Army also concentrated its forces in the first month of the campaign, enabling it to swiftly overrun most of Luzon.
The Japanese high command, believing they had won the campaign, made a strategic decision to advance by a month their timetable of operations in Borneo and Indonesia, withdrawing their best division and the bulk of their airpower in early January 1942. This, coupled with the decision of the defenders to withdraw into a defensive holding position in the Bataan Peninsula, enabled the Americans and Filipinos to successfully hold out for four more months.
Other articles related to "philippine":
... On the night of 5 May the 14-inch batteries of Fort Drum opened fire on the second wave of the Japanese forces assaulting Corregidor, sinking several troop barges and inflicting heavy casualties ... Fort Drum surrendered to Japanese forces following the fall of Corregidor on 6 May 1942 and was subsequently occupied by them until 1945.No U.S ...
... See also PhilippineDepartment Harbor Defenses, 15 April 1942 (Maj ... Moore) US Army 5,012 US Navy 2,158 USMC 1,617 PhilippineScouts 1,298 PhilippineArmy 1,818 PhilippineNavy 400 US Civilians 343 Civilians (other) 2,082 Army Nurse Corps, Navy Nurse Corps 78 ...
Famous quotes containing the word campaign:
“The fact that a man is to vote forces him to think. You may preach to a congregation by the year and not affect its thought because it is not called upon for definite action. But throw your subject into a campaign and it becomes a challenge.”
—John Jay Chapman (18621933)