Biblical criticism is the scholarly "study and investigation of biblical writings that seeks to make discerning judgments about these writings." Viewing biblical texts as having human rather than supernatural origins, it asks when and where a particular text originated; how, why, by whom, for whom, and in what circumstances it was produced; what influences were at work in its production; what sources were used in its composition; and what message it was intended to convey. It will vary slightly depending on whether the focus is on the Old Testament, the letters of New Testament or the Canonical gospels. It also plays an important role in the quest for a Historical Jesus.
It also addresses the physical text, including the meaning of the words and the way in which they are used, its preservation, history and integrity. Biblical criticism draws upon a wide range of scholarly disciplines including archaeology, anthropology, folklore, linguistics, Oral Tradition studies, and historical and religious studies.
Other articles related to "pentateuchal, pentateuchal criticism":
... hypothesis” of a previous era of Pentateuchal studies. 1977, this led to a major reevaluation in Pentateuchal criticism ... his strong interest in historiography with his revisionist work in Pentateuchal criticism in a detailed study of the Yahwist as an “antiquarian” historian writing about Israel’s origins under the ...
... Gospel harmony Pentateuchal criticism Biblical studies The Bible and history Biblical archaeology Historical method Heresy in the 20th century Essays and Reviews Timeline of ...
Famous quotes containing the word criticism:
“The critic lives at second hand. He writes about. The poem, the novel, or the play must be given to him; criticism exists by the grace of other mens genius. By virtue of style, criticism can itself become literature. But usually this occurs only when the writer is acting as critic of his own work or as outrider to his own poetics, when the criticism of Coleridge is work in progress or that of T.S. Eliot propaganda.”
—George Steiner (b. 1929)